Gezeirah Shavah and Poetry – Shevuos Daf 7


Gezeirah shavah

Rava praises Rebbe for his connection of olah v’yored with the prohibition on an impure person eating kodesh, by a gezeirah shavah – a common phrase, since behemah temai’ah – non kosher animal is used in both sections. Tosfos Harosh (7a Doleh) asks why this is so praiseworthy, as one can only use such the textual device of gezeirah shavah if he learned it from his teacher. Therefore, Rebbe must have learned this from his teacher, and showed no innovation. Tosfos Harosh answers that all that one learns from his teacher is the common phrase of the gezeirah shavah, but it is up to the student to know which phrases to use, and what to learn. It is Rebbi’s application of the gezeirah shavah which Rava praised.

Rhymes Purer Than Gold

By: Meoros HaDaf HaYomi

The Chasam Sofer revered his mentor – “the great eagle,” Rabbi Nasan Adler zt”l. We see his admiration in a poem he composed in his honor, whose beginning copies the style of our sugya, in which Rava praises Rebbe. The interesting rhymes are written in a style now unknown.

He draws water from deep wells

From him they built eternal ruins; he establishes the institutions of each generation.

His words raise those who falter and are sweeter than honey and mead.

The master’s mouth emits flashes of fire, desirable more than refined gold.

The great Kohen – we shall seek Torah, judgment and rulings from him.

He is the teacher who quenches the thirst of the parched, like flowing water-brooks.

The light of Israel, the strong hammer, cast solid as lustrous bronze,

Nasan the Kohen, a tzadik above chasidim and tzadikim.

He is the great eagle who hovers over his nestlings, his veteran students.

Wings of a dove coated in silver and its wings are like brilliant green-gold

And I am among the young, not from the seasoned,

But from the fragile kids (Responsa Chasam Sofer, Y.D. 167).