Two top Hamas leaders made their first appearances today at public events since Israel’s Gaza war, signaling defiance of rival Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas as he discussed peace prospects with a U.S. envoy.
“We cannot, we will not, and we will never recognize the enemy in any way, shape or form,” Mahmoud Zahar, one of the two leaders, said in a mosque sermon broadcast on the Islamist movement’s radio station.Ismail Haniyeh, who heads the Hamas administration in Gaza, spoke at another mosque. As a precaution against assassination, both men had gone underground during a 22-day offensive Israel launched on Dec. 27 to counter Palestinian rocket fire. Their rare statements since have been mostly in pre-recorded speeches.
In the Israeli-occupied West Bank, where Abbas’s secular Fatah faction holds sway, the Palestinian president met U.S President Barack Obama’s Middle East envoy George Mitchell.
Mitchell is sounding out Abbas and Israel on the possibilities for Palestinian statehood despite long-running Fatah-Hamas tensions and a new right-leaning Israeli government that has shown little appetite for ceding West Bank land.
In meetings with Israeli leaders yesterday, Mitchell stressed Obama’s commitment to the goal of a two-state solution, “in which a Palestinian state is living in peace alongside the Jewish state of Israel”, ending the decades-old conflict.
“That is our objective. That is what we will pursue vigorously in the coming months,” Mitchell said
Mitchell’s talk in Ramallah come after Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu — who opposed Israel’s unilateral 2005withdrawal from Gaza, arguing that it would stoke Hamas hostility – stated he wants talks with the Palestinians to focus on security and economic matters for now, not sovereignty.
An Israeli official said Netanyahu also told Mitchell that any negotiations on a two-state accord should be conditioned on the Palestinians recognizing Israel as a Jewish state.
Senior Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat dismissed that demand as part of an effort by the two-week-old Israeli government to dodge commitments made by its predecessor to negotiate thorny issues such as statehood borders, and the future of Yerushalayim and Palestinian refugees.
The Palestinians are themselves unable to present a united front as Hamas refuses to accept permanent coexistence with Israel and is shunned by Western powers as a terrorist group.
Hamas won a Palestinian legislative election in 2006, forming a unity government with Fatah that was dissolved by Abbas after the Islamists seized control of Gaza in 2007.
Egypt has been trying to arrange a new factional alliance after brokering an end to the Gaza war, which killed hundreds of Palestinian civilians and 13 Israelis, most of them troops.
Haniyeh, who was formerly prime minister under Abbas, hailed the conflict as a “big victory”.
“Hamas is a big movement, the Palestinian resistance factions are deeply rooted among the people,” he told reporters.