Yochanan Visser reports at Western Journalism that Iran is circumventing the restrictions on its nuclear program by collaborating with North Korea on missile development and modifying missiles for nuclear weapons, according to Lt. Col. (ret.) Dr. Refael Ofek and Lt. Col. (res.) Dr. Dany Shoham of the Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies at Bar-Ilan University. The two countries also work together on programs meant to upgrade gas centrifuges for uranium enrichment.
“Iran’s Shahab-3 missile is a variant of North Korea’s Nodong-1. The warhead on the Shahab-3 was redesigned to carry a nuclear warhead in the mid-2000s by Kamran Daneshjoo, a top Iranian scientist,” they wrote. The Iranian nuclear expert succeeded to “miniaturize a nuclear warhead to match the weight and dimensional specifications of the Shahab-3.” Thereafter, Iran carried out “benchmark tests in Parchin,” the secret military site where Iran is suspected to have carried out work on detonators for nuclear warheads.
Hundreds of Iranian scientists visited North Korea to participate in nuclear-related tests or tests with ballistic missiles, while North Korean nuclear experts worked in Iran on ballistic missile-related work and assisted the Iranians with developing their nuclear program.