Rav Dovid Feinstein: Purim Halacha Tidbits

11

rav-dovid-feinsteinThe following are a number of pesokim from Rav Dovid Feinstein shlit”a, rosh yeshiva of Mesivta Tiferes Yerushalayim, regarding Purim-related shailos:

-A question was posed as to whether wearing a woman’s wig on Purim in order to give the impression of long hair, while being dressed as a male, would be considered simlas isha. Rav Dovid Feinstein ruled that it would be considered simlas isha.

-Many people are under the impression that one must give foods of two different brachos for mishloach manos. Rav Dovid said that there is no mekor for this.

-Often, people will give mishloach manos or matanos la’evyonim before krias megillah. Rav Dovid was asked whether one should refrain from giving mishloach manos or matanos la’evyonim until after the reading of the megillah, because of the bracha of Shehecheyanu. Rav Dovid said not necessarily.

-Many of those who live in Eretz Yisroel pronounce the letter hey like an alef. The question was asked of Harav Feinstein if one may be yotzeh with their kriah of Parshas Zachor. Rav Dovid responded that yes, one may be yotzeh (as both letters are osiyos groniyos).

– Rav Dovid was asked whether giving mishloach manos to non-frum people who will not make a bracha is permitted or if it is considered mesaye’ah l’devar aveirah. He ruled that it is permitted if it is for kiruv purposes.

{Dovid Bernstein-Matzav.com Newscenter}

11 COMMENTS

  1. What about those who pronounce the ‘reish’ like a cheish’. Certainly then one would not be yotzeh!.

    The reish is a letter that originates from the front of the mouth (interchangable with ‘dalet’) not with those letters like ches or kuf ( or cheish) that originate in the back of the mouth I.e. the throat….

    But really there are very few rishonim that believe that the actual text of zachor is required to be yotzeh. As long as someone states the inyan of zachor is sufficient

  2. The Chazon Ish didn’t answer Amen at chazaros
    hashatz after the bracha melech oiheiv tzedaka
    umishpot when the chazan pronounced oiYeiv instead of oiHeiv

  3. Secular — Actually the Reish IS also one of the osiyos gronios (Alef, heh, ches, Ayin, Reish)the actual reish therefore does have an element of pronunciation from the back of the throat. Dalet is from the family of osios leshonios (dalet, tes, lamed, Nun, Tav) i.e, letters pronounced when touching the tongue to the lower palate. The reish pronunciation from the front of the mouth is an americanization of what the pronunciation should be.

  4. “Rav Dovid was asked whether giving mishloach manos to non-frum people who will not make a bracha is permitted or if it is considered mesaye’ah l’devar aveirah. He ruled that it is permitted if it is for kiruv purposes.”

    I give all my ‘open’ baked goods and candies to a goy after Purim. Even though I may have received these ‘open’ items from a frum person, I don’t know if he purchased it, if he took it off someone else’s plate and put it on mine, or if it fell on the floor and was picked up and placed on the next plate. 2 issues: Kashrus & cleanliness.

  5. To # 3

    With all due respect. The Reish is one of the Osiyos Leshonios as IT IS interchangeable, with dalet, nun and the others. In fact the names in the Torah Reuel and Deuel are interchangable because of that reason.

    Bamidbar1:14 and Bamidbar 2:14.

    The front pronounciation of the Reish is in fact authentic, as it is found in Jews from Morroco, Syria, yemen and ashkenaz. The ‘Cheish’
    sound is a actually a mispronounciation mostly by polish and Lithuaniuan jews and then adopted by the mainstream Litvish (and in eretz Israel) crowd. The hasidim, the sefardim the ‘Yekes’the Edot Mizrach all pronounce the reish either as a soft or hard R, NOT ‘CHEISH’ look at (Shmuel 27:10 and meforshim there)

    A freilichin PuCHim to all!

  6. “Rav Dovid was asked whether giving mishloach manos to non-frum people who will not make a bracha is permitted or if it is considered mesaye’ah l’devar aveirah. He ruled that it is permitted if it is for kiruv purposes.”

    Is this the only time a person might be sharing food with a non-frum yid? Wow! We need to get out as bit more.

  7. Secular. the fact that reish and dalet interchange doeas not make it of the same family. interchanges happen either because they are in the same family or because they look alike or sound similar. Dalet and Reish interchange because of similarity in looks. that is (one of the reasons) why ECHAD has a large dalet and lo sishtachaveh l’el acheR has a large reish so that they not be read and exchanged improperly. As an os gronis, reish never takes a dagesh (except IIRC one time al pi hamesorah). All the osios l’shonios take a dagesh whenever appropriate.

    I am not arguing that the reish should be pronounced cheish, rather there should be some rolling guttural before the r sound.

  8. One can send two portions as there mishloach manos and there is no inyun of sending things with different brochas, which is a very common mistake as Rav Dovid Feinstein has pointed out.

    See the Mishna Breurah 695:4 – where he says that the two foodstuffs for the msihloach manos that you send, can be meat and ‘other foods’. In MB 695:4:19 he says that drink is fine as another ‘other foodstuff’. Rashi explains in the Mishna in Yoma 93B, that drinking is included in the category of eating. Therefore, you could have meat and drink as your two food items, both having the same brocha of shehakol!

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here