Today’s Yahrtzeits and History – 12 Tammuz


yahrtzeit-candlesRabbeinu Yaakov ben Asher, the Baal Haturim (1268-1340), son of the Rosh. When his father fled Germany with his entire family to Spain in 1803, Rav Yaakov first lived with his brother Rav Yechiel, in

Barcelona, then moved to Toledo, where his father was Rav. His younger brother, Rav Yehuda, who would marry Rav Yaakov’s daughter, succeeded the Rosh as Rav of Toledo, while Rav Yaakov himself preferred to take a position on the Beis Din. His monumental halchic work, the Arba’ah Turim included virtually all opinions available to Rav Yaakov, as well as a wealth of customs. The many commentators on the Tur include those of Rav Yosef Karo (the Beis Yosef), Rav Moshe Isserles (Darkei Moshe), Rav Yoel Sirkes (The Beis Chadash), Rav Yehoshua Falk (Derishah uPerishah), and Rav Yosef Escapa (the Rosh Yosef), who deals with only a part of the work. The Chida comments that without a proper study of the Tur and its commentaries, one cannot begin to determine halachah. Rav Yaakov also authored Sefer HaRemazim (also known as Kitzur Piskei HaRosh), an abridged version of his father’s compendium of the Talmud, quoted in Sefer Mesharim. Rav Yaakov died in Toledo.

Rav Eliyahu Baruch Kamai, Mirrer Rosh Yeshiva (1840-1917). A descendant of Rav Avraham, the brother of the Vilna Gaon, Rav Elya was born in Telz. His father died when the boy was only two, and the boy’s teacher was his stepfather and future father-in-law, Rav Chaim Zev Jaffe. Beginning in 1868, Rav Elya Baruch also succeeded Rav Chaim Zev as rabbi of the town of Shkod, Lithuania. In 1899, Rav Elya Baruch was called to serve as rosh yeshiva of the Mirrer Yeshiva. In 1901, Rav Elya Baruch also became Rav of the town of Mir. When his co-rosh yeshiva, Rav Avraham Tiktinsky, retired in 1907, Rav Elya Baruch named his own son-in-law, Rav Eliezer Yehuda Finkel, to the faculty of the yeshiva. Some of Rav Elya Baruch’s lectures were published under the title Zichron Eliyahu. He was succeeded as Rav of Mir by his son, Rav Avraham Zvi Kamai, who was massacred with 2300 of his congregants on 18 Cheshvan in 1942.

Today in History – 12 Tammuz

· Massacre of the Jews of Weiner-Neustadt and Morgentheim, Austria, 1298.
· Jews denounced to the Inquisition received the right to face their accusers, 1298.
· Equal rights for Jews of Romania, 1878.
· Release of Rav Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson of Lubavitch from Soviet prison, 1927
· Lithuanian Nazis executed 5000 Jews in the Ninth Fort of Kovno, among them Rav Elchonon Wasserman, Rav Yosef Chaim Zaks, a Rosh Yeshiva at Ohel Moshe in Slobodka, and Reb Velvel Grodzensky (son of Rav Avraham, the mashgiach of Slobodka),1941.
· Peak of pogroms against Egyptian Jews, 1948. Over 150 killed.

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}


  1. typo-it was not 1803 but 1303 when the rosh came to Spain. Also rav elchonen ztl,other calendars say it was yesterday 11 tammuz