Rav Dovid of Novhardok (1837), author of Galya Maseches
Rav Dovid Teveli Shiff, author of Lashon Zahav, and the son of Shlomo Zalman HaKohen Shiff
Rav Elimelech of Tosh (now Nytass), Hungary (1946). Son of the founder of the Tosher dynasty, Rav Meshulem Feish Lowy.
Rav Shabsai Yudelevitz, Yerushalmi maggid (1924-1996).
Today in History – 23 Kislev
· Jews were coerced into confessing that they had poisoned wells to cause the Black Plague in Europe. This brought on a wave of expulsions and pogroms against Jews throughout Europe from Poland to Spain. (1349).
· Death of Johann Andreas Eisenmenger, the most dangerous libeler of the Talmud, 1704. He wrote a two-volume, two thousand page book on the “wickedness of the Talmud” entitled “Endecktes Judenthum” (Unveiled Judaism). While negotiations were going on between the Jews of Frankfurt-on-Maine, Eisenmenger, and the banker involved with the publication, Eisenmenger suddenly died of apoplexy.
· Frederickthe Great took Prague in the Wars of Succession and the populace ransacked the ghetto, 1744.
· The “Jewish Free School” was established by Isaac Daniel Itzig and his brother in law, David Friedlander in Germany, a milestone in the spread of Haskalah, 1778.
· The desecration of a new shul in Cologne, Germany sparked a wave of anti-Jewish incidents throughout Western Europe, the Americas, Australia, and Africa, 1959.
· In twin attacks in Kenya, three suicide bombers killed 14 people at an Israeli-owned hotel, while at least two missiles were fired at (but missed) an Israeli airline taking off from Mombassa airport, 2002.