Rav Eliyahu Guttmacher, Av Beis din Greiditz (1796-1874). Born near Posen (Poznan) in eastern Germany (today, Poland) he became, at age 19, a student of R’ Akiva Eiger for four years. R’ Guttmacher published several pamphlets describing his ideas about the Redemption and the return to Eretz Yisrael. He also left behind many manuscripts on “traditional” Torah subjects, and some of his commentaries are published in the back of the standard Vilna edition of the Talmud.
Rav Yaakov Yosef of Polnoye (1669-1781), author of Toldos Yaakov Yosef, first printed book of Chassidus, talmid of the Baal Shem Tov. While still a young man, Yaakov Yosef was appointed Rav of Sharogrod. After meeting with with the Baal Shem Tov and becoming an early adherent of his, he was asked to leave his post. He served as Rav of Rashkov and of Nemirov, and then in 1770 he became the Rav of Polnoye. He also authored Ben Poras Yosef, Tzofnas Paane’ach, and Kesones Passim. Althought he exact year of his birth is not known, it is believed that
he lived more than 110 years.
Rav Elchonon Sorotzkin, Chairman of Vaad Hayeshivos; son of Rav Zalman Sorotzkin (author of Oznayim Le-Torah).
Rav Avraham Yehuda Leib Hacohen Schwartz, the Kol Aryeh
Rav Chaim Zanvil Abramowitz, the Ribnitzer Rebbe, Monsey (1995); attended Kishinev Yeshiva in the 1920s and sat at the court of Rav Avraham Mattisyahu of Sthefanesht in Romania. After emigrating from Russia in 1973, he lived in Yerushalayim and Monsey, NY. It is known that from the 1930s until the end of his life he fasted on all days when it is permitted to do so under Jewish law.
Rav Chaim Shaul Kaufman, Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshiva Tiferes Yaakov of Gateshead (1938-2005). Born in Berlin as the youngest of 8 children, he came to Gateshead in July 1939. He married Leah Nagel of Antwerp.
· Shlomo Hamelech finishes the dedication ceremonies of the Bais Hamikdosh, 932 B.C.E.
· Haggai delivers prophesy to encourage Zerubavel and Yehoshua Kohen Gadol to build the Second Bais Hamikdosh, 351 B.C.E.
· 3,400 Jews of Galicia executed by Nazis, 1941.
· 10 major Nazis were hanged after Nuremberg trials, 1946. Among them was Ernst Kaltenbrunner, an S.S. leader who was a friend of Adolf Eichmann and collaborated in the development of the death camps. As the end of World War II approached, he insisted on continuing the annihilation of the Jews until the last possible moment.
· Arab oil producing states announce 10 percent reduction in oil production and impose total embargo on U.S. and Netherlands, 1973.
· Bar Giora, a Palestinian Jewish self-defense organization was formed to protect the settlements from raiders, 1907. Two years later it was reorganized into Hashomer (the watchman) and finally became the Hagana, Israel’s pre-State defense forces.
Today in History – 24 Tishrei
· The Jews under Nechemia cried out to Hashem and made a new covenant with Him, 357 B.C.E.. They also asked that the yetzer hora of avoda zora be given into their hands (Yoma 69b)
· Eighth and last Crusade led by Louis IX of France, 1270. It was diverted to Tunisia where Louis IX died, and after that the west lost interest in supporting the Crusades against the Muslims. When Acco fell to the Mamelukes in 1291, the Crusader kingdom came to its final end after close to 3 centuries.
· Germany decreed that passports of Jews were to be marked with a J, 1939.