Today’s Yahrtzeits and History – 26 Nissan


yahrtzeit-candlesYehoshua bin Nun – Buried in Timnas Serach in Har Ephraim (1354-1244 BCE)

Rav Ephraim (ben Aharon) Navon, the Machaneh Ephraim (1677-1735). Born in Andrinople, he married  the daughter of Rav Yehuda Ergaz. He served as Chief Rabbi of Constantinople.

Rav Moshe (ben Yaakov) Halberstam (1932-2006). Born in the town of Tshakawe, Galicia, he was a great-great-great grandson of the Divrei Chaim of Sanz. As a youth, he studied at Yeshivas Beis Avraham Slonim under the Nesivos Shalom of Slonim. His rebbi muvhak was Rav Shmuel Wosner. He delivered shiurim for decades in a kollel for halacha that he headed. He was a member of the Eida Chareidis Beis Din and rosh yeshiva of Yeshivas Tshakawe. In 1997, he was appointed a member of Badatz. He published a collection of responsa called Divrei Moshe. He founded the Vaad HaRabbonim LeInyonei Tzedaka, and was the head of the charity Chibas Yerushalayim Kupas Rebbe eir Baal Hannes. His son-in-law Rav Mattisyahu Deitch founded the Yad Ramah Institute under the guidance of the greatest halachic authorities of today, and it deals with solutions for problems in halacha and medicine.

Rav Moshe (ben Chaim Tzvi) Teitelbaum, Satmar Rebbe (1914-2006). Born the second son of the Atzei Chaim, in Ratzfert, Hungary, he was orphaned at the age of 11 and raised by various relatives. Following his marriage in 1936, he served as Rosh Yeshiva at Karecska. In 1939, he became the rabbi of Zenta, Yugoslavia (now Serbia).In 1944, Rav Moshe and his wife were sent to Auschwitz; his wife and their three children died. Moshe was then transferred to Theresienstadt, from where he was liberated in 1945.Following the War, he remarried and moved to New York, first settling in Williamsburg, then in 1966 in Boro Park. He succeeded his uncle Rav Yoel Teitelbaum, as Satmar Rebbe in 1979. He is the author of Beirach Moshe, a 5-volume Chassidic commentary on Chumash.

Today in History – 26 Nissan

· A petition signed by 250,000 Germans, 1881, was presented to the government requesting the barring of foreign Jews from admission into Germany. This petition marked the opening of modern German anti-Semitism.
· Daeth of Albert Einstein, Princeton, NJ, 1955
· Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man to fly in space, orbiting the Earth once before making a safe landing, 1961.

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