Today’s Yahrtzeits and History – 3 Kislev



Rav Meshulam Yissaschar Ashkenazi of Stamford Hill, London, the Stanislaver Rebbe (1995).

Rav Shilo Raphael, Av Bais Din of Yerushalayim

Rav Yaakov Moshe Kulefsky (1921-2000). Born in St. Louis, he learned at Torah Vadaas in his early 20s, while serving in the army. He married Sarah Gartenhaus in 1950 and joined Yeshiva Ner Israel in 1954. He became Rosh yeshiva and replaced Rav Yaakov Weinberg after the latter’s petira. Rav Kulefsky left two sons (Tzvi Hirsch and Nosson) and three daughters [Esther Chana (Abraham), Ettie (Rosenbaum), and Faigi (Gruman)], 40 grandchildren, and 12 great-grandchildren.

Today in History – 3 Kislev

· The last prophecy in human history was given to Zecharia during King Darius’s reign, promising that the fast days in Tammuz and Av will turn into days of joy, 651 BCE (see Rashi Yoma 21b).
· The first public burning of Jews at the stake by the Inquisition in the Americas, Lima, Peru, 1581.
· Bogdan Chemielnicki led serfs in the Cossack attacks against the Polish aristocracy, 1648. The Polish town of Kamenetz was one of the first targets, with thousands killed in the first few days. Over the following ten years, between 100,000 and 500,00 Jews lost their lives.
· 36 Jews killed in Lemberg explosion, 1702. A miracle saved the Pnei Yehoshua.
· Teverya saved from attack, 1742.
· First Nazi mass-murder of Warsaw Jews, 1939.
· Nazis execute 1,538 Jews in Poltava, Russia, 1941.

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