Zecharia ben Berachya ben Ido Hanavi (320 or 313 BCE)
Malachi Hanavi (320 or 313 BCE). His death ended the era of prophecy.
Rav Yehuda Eilenberg, author of Minchas Yehudah (1610)
Rav Nosson Sternhartz of Breslav, author of Likutei Halachos (1844). As a young man, he lived in Nemirov, nine miles north of Breslav. Despite family opposition, Nosson became the disciple who recorded Nachman’s thoughts, edited his writings and wrote the early history of the Breslaver Hasidim.
Rav Meir Shalom Rabinowitz of Kalushin (1851-1901). Born to Rav Yehoshua Asher of Zelichov, the son of the Yid Hakadosh of Peshischa, he became a son-in-law of his older brother, Rav Yaakov Tzvi of Porisov, author of Atarah Lerosh Tzadik. He served as Rav of the kehhillos of Porisov, Gravlin, and Kalushin. He became Rebbe after the petira of his brither in 1889. Many of his ideas in Torah and Chassidus were recorded by his son and successor Yehoshua Alter in the sefer Nahar Shalom.
Rav Noach of Hordishitz (1903)
Rav Raphael Wexelbaum, R osh Yeshiva of Itri
Rav Yechezkel Halshtuk, the Ostrovtzer Rebbe (1887-1942). Born to Rav Meir Yechiel, founder of the court of Ostrovtze (Ostrowiec), a town which lies along the Kamienna River , a tributary of the Vistula, and which is situated in the Polish highlands just north of the Swietokrzyskie Mountains . At 18, Reb Yechezkel married Rebbetziin Beila Mirel, daughter of Rav Naftali of Meilitz, who was a grandson of Rav Naftali of Ropshitz. In 1911, he was appointed Rav of the town of Inovlodz , and 10 years later, he was appointed Rav of Nashelsk. He succeeded his father as Rebbe after the latter’s petira in 1928. He founded a yeshiva named Beis Meir, in honor of his father. He and 20 of his Chasidim were murdered by the Nazis during davening on the night of Asesers BeTeves. His Rebbetzein, 7 sons, and one son-in-law were all murdered by the Nazis.Some of his writings were published after the war under the name Kodshei Yechezkel.
Rav Shabsai Yogel, born in Piask , Russia (1875-1957). After studying in Eishishock as a youngster, he learned at Volozhin until it was closed by the Russian authorities, at which time he returned to Piask until he married Liba Kletzkin from Slonim. He then moved to Slonim and learned in one of the Novardok kollelim. In 1906, he was asked to head the Slonim yeshiva, founded by Rav Shlomo Zalman Kahana in 1816. The yeshiva’s first rosh yeshiva was Rav Avraham Weinberg, who later became the founder of the Slonimer chassidic dynastry. In 1929, Rav Shabsai visited Yisrael for the first time; two months later, his son Shlomo perished in the Chevron massacres. During the early years of WW2, Rav Shabsai and his family moved to Eretz Yisrael. Since the yeshiva in Slonim was destroyed by the Nazis, he rebuilt in. He decided to do so in Ramat Gan , which at that time was a spiritual wasteland.
Rav Avraham Abba Leifer, the Pittsburgher Rebbe, the Admor of Petersburg-Ashdod (1989). Author of Emunas Avraham, son of Rav Yosef (Tzidkas Yosef), and son-in-law of Rebbe Issamar of Nadvorna. His son, Mordechai Yissacher Dov Ber Leifer of Pittsburg , is author of Pisgamei Oraisa.
Today in History – 10 Teves
· Siege of Yerushalayim by Nebuchadnezer begins, 424 BCE (or 586BCE)
· Beneyahu son of Yehoyada of Kavtze’eil struck down the two commanders of Moav, and slew a lion in the middle of a well on a snowy day. (Targum Rav Yosef on Divrei Hayamim I 11:22).
· The first masechta — Gemora Brachos — was printed by Joshua Soncino, 1483. It included Rashi, Tosefos, Piskei Tosefos, and the meforshim of the Rambam and Mordechai ben Hillel.
· The decree for the elimination of Jews from German economic life took effect, 1939.
· 3,000 Jews killed in Bucharest riots, 1941.
· Warsaw Jews were forbidden to greet a German in public, 1941.