Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 12-13 Tishrei


yahrtzeit-candlesRav Avraham Malach, the son of the Mezritcher Maggid (1741-1776). R. Avraham learned Kabbalah from the Maggid and the revealed Torah from R. Shneur Zalman of Liadi, the teacher chosen by the boy’s father. When Rav Avraham’s first wife passed away, he married the daughter of Rav Feivel of Kremenitz, author of Mishnas Chachomim. He wrote Chesed Le’Avraham, acommentary on the Torah, Talmud, Mishna and holidays. His grandson was Rav Yisrael of Rizhin.

Rav Yechiel Michel of Zhvil, the second Zhviller Rebbe (1856). His father, Rav Moshe (the 1st Zhviller Rebbe), was one of the five sons of the Zlotschover Maggid, R’ Yechiel Michel.

Rav Yehoshua Gutman (2008). Rebbi in Denver for over 30 years and Rav of Khal Lev Avraham in Lakewood for the last seven years of his life.

Today in History – 12 Tishrei

· Columbus discovered in America, 1492. Louis de Torres, a Spanish Marrano, was the first white man to set foot in the Western Hemisphere when he landed in the West Indies on Christopher Columbus’s first voyage.

· Pope Benedict XIV prohibited Jewish converts to Christianity from giving their wives gittin, 1747.

Yahrtzeits – 12 Tishrei

Rav Akiva Eiger of Posen (1761-1837). A descendent of the Eshel Avraham, he was born in Eisenstadt. He married the daughter of Reb Itzik Margolies, one of the wealthiest Jews of Lisa. Because of a fire in 1791, his father-in-law lost all of his possessions, and Rav Akiva Eiger was forced into the rabbinate. In 1814, he took the position in Posen, a position he kept for the rest of his life. He was the father-in-law of the Chasam Sofer. He wrote close to 1000 responsa, half of which have been published.

Rav Shmuel, the Rebbe Maharash (1834-1882). The seventh and youngest son of the Tzemach Tzedek, he became the fourth Rebbe of Lubavitch after the passing of his father in 1866.

Rav Yisrael Friedman, the Sadigerer Rebbe (1853-1907). After Reb Yisrael was niftar, all 5 of his sons became Rebbes: Reb Aharon (the Kedushas Aharon), Reb Shalom Yosef of Chernovitz, Reb Avraham Yaakov (the next Rebbe of Sadigerer), Reb Yitzchak of Rimanov and Reb Shlomo Chaim (Reb Shlomenu).

Rav Chaim Berlin (1832-1912). Born in Volozhin to Rav Naftali Tzvi Yehuda Berlin (the Netziv), he became a Rav in Moscow in 1865). In 1889, he returned to Volozhin, where he served as Av Beis Din. In 1906, he moved to Yerushalyim, where – in 1909 – he served as Chief Rabbi of the Azhkenazi community.

Rav Yosef Tzvi Dushinsky, Av Beis Din of Chust and Yerushalayim (1949). In his youth, he became a close talmid of the Shevet Sofer. His 1st marriage was to the daughter of Rav Mordechai Yehuda Winkler, the Livushei Mordechai. He became the Rav of Galanta. Sadly, he and his rebetzen were not zocheh to have children despite the blessings of many tzadikim. His rebetzen passed away during an epidemic in World War I. His then married Esther, the daughter of Rav Yoel Tzvi Neuhaus, and a son – Yisrael Moshe – was born on the 21st of Kislev in 1921. In Adar of 1930, the family moved to Erezt Yisrael. One month later, Rav Yosef Chaim Zonenfeld was nifar, and Rav Yosef Tzvi was appointed Rav of Yerushalyim, and – in 1933 – Av Beis Din of the Eidah Chareidis.

Today in History – 13 Tishrei

· Sodom and the cities in the plains are destroyed, 1712 B.C.E.· Religious freedom was granted to the Jews of Morocco, 1880.
· Ron Arad, Israeli Air Force navigator, is captured in Lebanon, 1986
· Lynching of Israeli reservists in Ramallah, 2000.
· Destruction of the Shalom al Yisrael Shul in Yericho, 2000.

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}