Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 13 Tammuz


flicker_100393-Rav Moshe Ravkash, author of Be’er Hagolah on Shulchan Aruch (1684). He was one of four great tzadikim of Vilna who lived at the tragic time of the massacres at the hands of the Cossacks in 1655, along with Rav Ephraim (the Shaar Ephraim), Rav Shabbsai Cohen (the Shach), and Rav Shmuel Koidenaver. Approximately 25,000 Jews were killed in and around Vilna. (some say 9 Sivan)
-Rav Chaim Rappaport (1771). The son of the Rav of Lublin following the Chacham Tzvi, Rav Chaim was appointed Rav first in Shlutsk then in Zhittel, where he authored Sheiols U’teshuvos Rabbeinu Chaim Kohen. A few years later, he was appointed Rav in Lutsk, then in 1741, in Lvov (Lemberg), where he remained for 30 years. He also authored Zecher Hachaim.
-Rav Aryeh Leib Epstein, the author of HaPardes (1775)
Rav Mordechai of Kremnitz (1820). One of the five sons of the Zlotschover Maggid, Rav Yechiel Michel, who were referred to as my “chamisha chumshai Torah.” One of Rav Mordechai’s brothers was Rav Moshe of Zvhil, the first Zvhiller Rebbe.
-Rav Yoel Planer, Rav of Uhel, Hungary (1925)
-Rav Dovid of Rachmistrivka (1950)
-Rav Yitzchak Eizik Rosenbaum of Zutchka (1906-2000). Born in Romania to Rav Isamar Rosenbaum of Nadvorna, he was named after his mother’s ancestor, Rav Yitzchak Eizik of Komarna. At an early age, his family moved to Chernovitz, whose 45,000 Jews constituted about 45% of the city’s population. The first maskilim settled in Chernovitz at the start of the 19th century, and their influence had grown so fast that, by 1849, they controlled the Board of the Jewish community. It was in Chernowitz that secular Yiddishism held a major convocation and proclaimed Yiddish as the Jewish national language in1908. After Rav Yitzchak Eizik married his wife, Chanah, his father asked him to preside as Rav and Admor in the town of Vashkowitz. Two years later, he moved to Zutchka where he remained until World War II. Soon after the war, Rav Yitzchak Eizik moved to Boro Park. After Rav Yitzchak Eizik’s father passed away, he settled in Tel Aviv to take over his father’s beis medrash, in 1973. In 1981, he relocated to Bnei Brak. One of the Rebbe’s sons, Rav Nosson Dovid, took over the Zutchka beis medrash in Bnei Brak.Today in History – 13 Tammuz
· Wearing of the yellow star was decreed mandatory for all Jews in the Baltic States, 1941
· Minsk(Russia) was captured by the Germans, 1942 trapping about 40,000 Jews
· The Germany army command led by Erwin Rommel reached El Alamein in Northern Egypt, 96km west of Alexandria. After Gedolim in Eretz Yisrael held massive tefillah rallies, the Germans retreated.

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