Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 16-17 Iyar



Yahrtzeits – 16 Iyar

Rav Meir ben Gedaliah of Lublin, author of Maharam on Shas, also known as Meir Einai Chachamim. He was invited to the rabbinate of Cracow in 1587, before the age of 30. In 1591 he became rabbi at Lemberg. In 1613 he became rabbi at Lublin and established a Yeshiva (1558-1616)

Rav Shmuel Waldberg of Yaroslav (1856).

Rav Yechiel Michel Feinstein (1906-2003), born to Rav Avraham Yitzchak in Uzda, Lithuania. At the age of seven Yechiel Michel lost his father and went to live with his grandfather, Rav Dovid Feinstein, the rov of Stravin, Byelorussia. There he learned with his grandfather and uncles, Rav Moshe and Rav Mordechai. After his bar mitzvah he traveled to Slutsk to learn under Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer. When the Bolsheviks arrived, the yeshiva was forced to flee Lithuania, to Kletsk, Poland. There, he continued his studies with Rav Meltzer and Rav Aharon Kotler. After three years, he moved to Mir to learn with Yeruchom Leibovitz. He also learned in Brisk, Grodno, and Vilna. He escaped Europe for America in 1941, traveling together with Rav Aharon Kotler. Upon his arrival he opened a yeshiva in Boston for the talmidim of Yeshivas Mir. Six months later his uncle, Rav Moshe Feinstein, summoned Rav Yechiel Michel to serve at his side as head of Yeshivas Tiferes Yerushalayim in New York. He was to spend the next sixty years there. During a brief trip to Eretz Yisrael in 1946, he married a daughter of the Brisker Rav, Lifsha.

Rav Tzvi Hirsch Rosenbaum (1919-2006). He was a great great grandson of Rav Mordechai of Nadvorno. Born in Sighet in Romania’s Marmorosh region, he went to study at Yeshivas Ohr Torah in Stanislav after his Bar Mitzvah. There he became close to Rav Dovid Halevi Ish Horowitz, author of Imrei Dovid. The day after Purim 1944, the Germans entered Sighet, quickly setting up a ghetto. On 3 Iyar, the Germans took away Rab Tzvi Hirsh’s grandfather, the Kretchinefer Rebbe, and the entire family, sending them to Auschwitz. After six weeks there, Rav Tzvi Hirsch was transferred to a forced labor camp in Shuterberg where he worked in the kitchen. On Tisha B’Av 1945, he arrived in Eretz Yisrael. And opened his first Beis Midrash in Batei Ungarin. In 1975, he opened a Beis Midrash in Bnai Brak and in 1980, another one in Yerushalayim. Rav Tzvi Hirsch was a true talmid chochom in both nigla and nistar, and many miracles are ascribed to him. He was succeeded by his son Rav Zeidel Rosenbaum (Kretshniff Rebbe in New York) and his son Rav Nissan Chaim Rosenbaum (Kretchnif-Sighit Rebbe in Yerushalayim) He also left many dedicated talmidim.

Yahrtzeits – Shabbos, 17 Iyar

Rav Yechezkel Landau, the Noda Beyehuda (1713-1793). Born in Apta, Poland, learned and served in Brody, serving as Av Beis Din at the age of 20 years. In 1755, he was appointed Rav of Prague and all of Bohemia, soon establishing and heading a yeshiva there as well. He also wrote Dagul Meirevavah on the Shulchan Aruch and Tzelach on Shas, as well as Doresh Tziyon and Ahavas Tziyon. He was able to trace his family lineage back to Rashi.

Rav Moshe Chaim Ephraim of Sadlikov, grandson of the Baal Shem Tov, author of Degel Machaneh Ephraim (1748-1800). He was born and died in Medzibosh, and his grave is next to that of the Baal Shem Tov. His brother was the famous Reb Baruch of Medzibosh. After the Baal Shem Tov’s passing, Moshe Chaim studied under the Maggid of Mezritch and Rabbi Yaakov Yosef of Polnoye, the author of Toledos Yaakov Yosef.

Rav Mordechai (“Mottele”) Twerskyof Rachmistrivka (~1830-1921). Born in Rachmistrivka, Podlia (Ukraine), his father Nachman was a grandson of Rav Menachem Nachum of Chernobyl. He moved to Yerushalayim from Europe in 1908 (or 1906). His father, Rav Yochanan Twerski, son of the famous Rebbe Mottele of Chernobyl, was the first Rebbe of the Rachmistrivka dynasty. When his father was niftar in 1895, Ran Menachem and his two brothers shared the Rachmistrivka court together for 11 years. On the first day of Chol Hamoed Pesach in 1921, Rav Mordechai was attacked by a mob of Arabs while on his way to the Kosel. He passed away a month later, due to complications of injuries sustained during that attack.

Rav Pinchas of Ostila Twerski. The son of Rav Mordechai of Rachmistrivka, both of Rav Pinchas’s parents were descendants of the Baal Shem Tov’s greatest talmidim – Rav Menachem Nachum of Chernobyl (on his father’s side) and Rav Pinchas of Koritz (on his mother’s side). After marrying Chana Rochel, the daughter of Rav Yissacher Dov of Belz, Rav Pinchas settled and learned in Blez for 23 years. In 1923, he became the Rav of Ostilla, and after a few years he moved to P’shemish. Rav Pinchas was deported to the Belzec Extermination Camp on the 17th of Iyar in 1943. Close to one million Jews were murdered at Belzec; it is lesser known that other camps since almost no one survived to tell of it. No one knows exactly when Rav Pinchas was niftar, so his yahrtzeits was established on the same day as that of his father. The only member of his family to survive the war was his daughter, who married Rav Yaakov Yosef of Skver. Together, they built Kiryas Skver and the Skverer Torah institutions (1880-1943).

Rav Tzvi Hirsch Rosenbaum, the Kretchnif-Sighet Rebbe (1921-2005).

Rav Nissan Alpert – Born in Europe, he moved to America early in life and became a talmid muvhak of Rav Moshe Feinstein. He became the head of the kollel of Yeshiva Rabbi Isaac Elchonon and as rabbi of the Agudath Israel of Long Island in Far Rockaway. His son-in-law, Rabbi Dovid Weinberger, Rav of Shaaray Tefilah in Lawrence, New York, published much of Rav Alpert’s Chumash commentary in Limudei Nison, which was translated into English as “Rabbi Nison Alpert on the Sidrah.”

Today in History – 16 Iyar

· The Roman legion under Florus plundered Yerushalayim and killed 3600 Jews, 66 C.E.
· Titus recaptured the middle wall of Yerushalayim and razed it, 70 C.E.
· Anti-Jewish riots in Odessa, Russia, 1881
· Anti-Jewish riots in Algeria, 1897.
· Construction began on the first 100 houses to be built in Achuzat Bayit (later known as Tel Aviv), 1909.
· The Nuremburg anti-Jewish laws went into effect in Hungary, 1939.
· The U.S. 7th Army liberated the Dachau concentration camp, 1945.
· Israeli spy Eli Cohen hung in Damascus, 1962.

Today in History – 17 Iyar

· The Roman garrison, on its way to seize the Bais Hamikdosh, was attacked by Jewish forces and compelled to retreat, 66 C.E.
· Jews of Worms were massacred by Crusaders, 1096.
· Jews of England were thrown into prison on charges of coining, 1278.
· 1,200 Jews of Toledo, Spain were killed, 1355.
· English colonists went ashore in Virginia to begin building the first permanent settlement in what would be the United States, 1607. The settled was named Jamestown, after England’s King James I.
· Death of Shmuel Oppenheimer, the leading financier who supplied the Austrian army during their various campaigns, 1703. In 1692 he was falsely arrested by Bishop Kolbnitsch and had to buy his freedom with 500,000 florins. He was the founder of the Viennese Jewish community, receiving permission to settle there after the expulsion of 1670. He supported Jewish communities, and ransomed many Jews from the Turks.
· The Nazis interned 3600 Jews of Russian origin, 1941.

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  1. harav Yechiel MICHEL Feinstein ztl after his marriage to the brisker rov’s daughter went to eretz yiroel to learn the rest of his life. The bolsheviks were not in lithuania but in russia.Please get the facts correct before printing.

  2. here is correct info from wikilpediaHe was born to Rabbi Avrohom Yitzchok Feinstein in the town of Uzda, Lithuania,[1] a town near Minsk, Belarus, then part of the Russian empire. He was orphaned of his father at the age of seven and went to live with and learn from his grandfather, Rabbi Dovid Feinstein, the Rav of Stravin, Byelorussia. It was there that Yechiel Michel developed a close relationship with his uncles, Rabbi Mordechai Feinstein and Rabbi Moshe Feinstein.[1]

    From a young age, he was recognized as a prodigy. He was sent to Slutsk after his bar mitzvah to study under Rabbi Isser Zalman Meltzer.[1]

    When the Bolsheviks revolted, the yeshiva was forced to flee from Lithuania to Kletsk, Poland. During his three years in Kletsk, Yechiel Michel attended the famed Talmudic lectures of Rabbi Meltzer and his son-in-law, Rabbi Aharon Kotler. Then he transferred to the Mir yeshiva, where he became a leading student of Rabbi Yeruchom Lebovitz and learned together with Rabbi Yechiel Michel Schlesinger, future rosh yeshiva of Yeshivas Kol Torah in Jerusalem, and Rabbi Yonah Karpilow of Minsk, who was killed in the Holocaust and whose Yonas Eilem was published posthumously. At this time, Rabbi Chaim Shmuelevitz and Rabbi Aryeh Leib Malin also studied in the Mir yeshiva. Despite being surrounding by such luminaries in Torah, R’ Yechiel Michel was nonetheless thought of as “the genius of the yeshiva”.[1]

    At the behest of his former teacher, Rabbi Meltzer, Rabbi Feinstein traveled to Brisk to study under the illustrious Brisker Rov. It did not take long for Rabbi Feinstein to earn his reputation as the genius in the Brisk yeshiva as well. However, during this time, he became eligible for conscription into the army, so he traveled to Grodno to obtain fake medical forms from a doctor and en route, consulted with Rabbi Yisrael Meir Kagan (the Chofetz Chaim) in Radin about evading the army. Upon their meeting, the Chofetz Chaim was impressed by R’ Yechiel Michel’s broad knowledge of Nezikin, Nashim, and Kodoshim. Feinstein stayed in Grodno for half a year, where he learned from Rabbi Shimon Shkop. He afterwards returned to Brisk to continue studying under the Brisker Rov, spending the summer months and the month of Elul at the Mir yeshivas. When World War II broke out, he traveled to Vilna with other students from the Mir to hear lectures from the Brisker Rav. Whilist in Vilna, Rabbi Feinstein was lavishly praised by the leading posek of the generation, Rabbi Chaim Ozer Grodzensky.[1]

    From Vilna he joined the Mir Yeshiva in exile in Japan, while helping other refugees escape the horrors of the Holocaust. Eventually, he arrived in the United States in 1941 with Rabbi Aharon Kotler.[1] While the latter opened a yeshiva in Lakewood, New Jersey (Beth Medrash Govoha), Rabbi Feinstein served as Mashgiach at HaRav Yosef Dov Soloveitchik Heichal Rabbeinu Chayim Halevi in Boston. Less than a year later, his uncle, Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, summoned him to serve at his side as the head of Mesivtha Tifereth Jerusalem in the Lower East Side, Manhattan.[1] During this time, he gained fame for his Talmudic lectures. He was appointed a member of the Agudas HaRabbonim and assisted the Vaad Hatzolah in rescuing Jews and aiding the war refugees in Europe.[1]

    [edit] IsraelIn 1946, Rabbi Feinstein visited Palestine. He immediately reunited with his former teacher the Brisker Rav in Jerusalem, and married the Brisker Rav’s daughter, Lifsha, in August of that year. Rabbi Isser Zalman Meltzer officiated at the wedding. Following his marriage, he continued serving in the capacity of rosh yeshiva in America until 1952, when he and his family immigrated to Israel and he established Yeshivas Beis Yehuda in Tel Aviv. He consulted regularly with the Chazon Ish in Bnei Brak on important issues.[1]

    In 1973, the death of one of his daughters prompted Rabbi Feinstein to move to Bnei Brak. In 1984, he inaugurated a new yeshiva building where he lectured to unmarried and married students, as well as gave shiurim in his home.[1]

    He died on Saturday night, 17 May 2003 (16 Iyar 5763) and was eulogized in both Bnei Brak and Jerusalem before being buried at Har HaMenuchos near the grave of his father-in-law, Rabbi Yitzchok Zev Soloveitchik. He was survived by his wife, sons Rabbi Chaim Feinstein and Rabbi Dovid Feinstein, both rosh yeshivas at Beis Yehuda, and Rabbi Avrohom Feinstein, and a son-in-law, Rabbi Tzvi Kaplan, a rosh yeshiva in Jerusalem.[1] His wife Lifsha died in October 2008.[2]

    [edit] WorksHis only written works to have been publicly published are his novellae to the Talmudic tractate Kerisos which are printed in the back of the new editions of his father-in-law’s novallee to that tractate. Other works of his are retained privately. Recently his family has published his works on Kelim, Mikvaos, and other mesechtos.

    Slutsk was in russia not Lithuania
    [edit] Family tree

  3. here is info about slutskSlutskFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search This article is about the town in Belarus. For the town near Saint Petersburg known as Slutsk 1918-1944, see Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg.

    City Hall of Slutsk


    ?????Location of Slutsk
    Coordinates: 53°02?N 27°34?E? / ?53.033°N 27.567°E? / 53.033; 27.567
    Raion Belarus
    Minsk Voblast
    Slutsk Raion
    Founded 1116
    • Total 24.6 km2 (9.5 sq mi)
    Elevation 250 m (820 ft)
    Population (2009)
    • Total 61,444
    • Density Bad rounding here2,500/km2 (Bad rounding here6,500/sq mi)
    Time zone EET (UTC+2)
    • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
    Postal code 223610
    Area code(s) +375 1795
    License plate 5
    Website Official website

    Cinema-Theatre “Belarus”Slutsk (Belarusian: ?????; Russian: ?????; Polish: S?uck) is a town in Belarus, located on the Sluch River 105 km (65 mi) south of Minsk. As of 2010 its population is of 61,400.[2] Slutsk is the administrative center of Slutsk Raion.

    Contents [hide]
    1 Geography
    2 History
    3 People
    4 International relations
    4.1 Twin towns — Sister cities
    5 See also
    6 References
    7 External links

    [edit] GeographyThe town is situated in the south-west of its Region, not too far from the city of Soligorsk.

    [edit] HistorySlutsk was first mentioned in writing in 1116. It was part of the Principality of Turov and Pinsk, but in 1160 it became the capital of a separate Slutsk Principality. From 1320–1330 it was part of the domain of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Later it was owned by the Olelkovich and Radziwi?? families, which transformed the city into a center of the Polish Reformed Church with a Gymnasium that existed till 1918.

    Following the 17th century the town became famous for its manufactories of kontusz belts, some of the most expensive and luxurious pieces of garment of the szlachta. Because of the popularity of the belts made in Slutsk, all the belts worn over the ?upan were often called the Belts of Slutsk, despite their real place of origin.

    Until World War II and the Slutsk Affair the town was predominantly Jewish, now the population includes no more than 100 Jews.

    In 1920 Slutsk was the centre of a major anti-bolshevik uprising known as the Slutsk defence action.

    [edit] PeopleIsaac Dov Berkowitz – Jewish and Israeli author
    Eliyahu Feinstein – rabbinic authority
    Yaakov Yosef Herman – Orthodox Jewish pioneer in America
    Semyon Kosberg – Jewish Soviet engineer
    Shneur Kotler – rosh yeshiva, Lakewood yeshiva
    Boruch Ber Leibowitz – leading rosh yeshiva
    Isser Zalman Meltzer – Rabbi of Slutsk from 1903 to 1923
    Princess Sophia of Slutsk, medieval Eastern Orthodox saint
    Edward Sperling – Jewish writer and humorist
    Mikola Statkevich – Belarusian politician
    Mikhail Yakimovich – Belarusian handball player
    Lidia Yermoshina – Belarusian politician
    Shaul Yisraeli – religious Zionist rabbi
    [edit] International relationsSee also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Belarus
    [edit] Twin towns — Sister citiesSlutsk is twinned with:

    Serpukhov, Russia
    Brovary, Ukraine
    Sisian, Armenia (since 2008)
    Shaki, Azerbaijan (since 2009)
    [edit] See alsoSlutsk Affair
    Slutsk defence action
    List of cities and towns in Belarus
    Pas kontuszowy
    S?uck Confederation
    [edit] References1.^ World Gazetteer
    2.^ (Russian) 2010 Belarus population statistics (RAR file format)
    [edit] External links