Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 16 Adar


flicker_100392-Rav Shalom Charif (1825). Having learned under Rav Pinchas Halevi Horowitz (the Baal Haflaah) in Frankfurt for many years, Rav Shalom became Rav and Rosh Yeshiva in Ansbach, a town in Bavaria, Germany. He later moved to Hungary and served as Rav in Stampen, Frauenkirchen, and Lankenbach. Only one of his manuscripts, Divrei Rash, on several mesechtas, has been published.
-Rav Eliezer Menachem Mendel Biederman, Lelover Rav in Yerushalayim, the son of Rav Moshe Biederman (1827-1883)
-Rav Yitzchak Friedman of Boyan, founder of the Boyaner Chasidim, author of Pachad Yitzchak (1849-1917). He was the third son of Rav Avraham Yaakov of Sadigora, the son of Rav Yisrael of Rizhin. (17 Adar according to some)
-Rav Pinchas Menachem Alter, the Pnei Menachem of Ger (1926-1996). The fifth son of Rav Avraham Mordechai Alter (the Imrei Emes), Rav Pinchas was born in the resort town of Palinitz, Poland when his father was 60 years old. Along with his father and other family members, he escaped to Erezt Yisrael during World War II. In 1946, he married his cousin, and two years later, his father passed away. Three of the Imrei Emes’ sons became Rebbe of Ger: Rav Yisrael (the Beis Yisrael, nifter 1977), Rav Simcha Bunim (the Lev Simcha, nifter 1992), and Rav Pinchas Menachem (the Pnei Menachem). However, Rav Pinchas Menachem was Rosh Yeshiva of Sefas Emes of Ger in Yerushalayim from the time he was 30, and was head of Agudas Yisrael after the petria of Rav Yitzchak Meir Levine.

Today in History – 16 Adar
· Koresh gives permission for Jews to rebuild Beis Hamikdosh, 371 BCE. On this day they began to rebuild the wall.
· King Agrippa I began the construction of a gate for the wall of Yerushalayim, 42 CE. The day was designated a holiday.
· Jews were excluded from public offices and dignities in the Roman Empire, 418.
· Jews of New Amsterdam (eventually to become New York) were denied the right to erect a synagogue, 1656. (The Pilgrims’ idea of religious freedom did not include Jews and other non-Christians.)
· The Rhode Island court refused to grant citizenship to Aaron Lopez and Isaac Eliezer, stating that “no person who is not of the Christian religion can be admitted free to this colony”, 1762. Lopez was granted citizenship by Massachusetts and the sentence “upon the true faith of a Christian” was excluded from the oath. Lopez was most likely the first Jew to be granted citizenship in Massachusetts.
· The ghetto pillars of Ferrara, Italy, were destroyed by the professors and students of the Athenaeum, 1848.
· Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary, the first Orthodox Jewish rabbinical seminary in the United States, was incorporated, 1897.

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