Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 2-3 Tammuz


yahrtzeit-candlesBirth and yahrtzeit of Yosef ben Yaakov Avinu (1561-1451 BCE).

Rav Shmuel ben Yechiel of Cologne, killed by Crusaders.

-Rav Nachman of Horodenka, one of the first close colleagues of the Baal Shem Tov, whose mechutan he later became. His grandson was Rav Nachman of Breslav. In 1764, he emigrated to the Holy Land, and settled in Tiveria. The following year (1765), he passed away and was buried there. (According to “Aliyos to Eretz Yisrael,” he was already in Eretz Yisrael in 1750, and he passed away in 1772.)

-Rav Mordechai Zeev Itinger, co-author of Mefarshei Hayam (1863)

-Rav Avraham Twersky, the Trisker Maggid (1802-1889), whose drashos are recorded in his sefer Magen Avraham. He was one of eight sons of Rav Mordechai of Chernobyl and was Rebbe for 50 years.

-Reb Elimelech Gavriel (Mike) Tress (1909-1967).

-Rav Paltiel Friend (2003). Born in the 1920s, Reb Paltiel grew up in the Brownsville section of Brooklyn and attended Mesivta Torah Vodaas, becomimg a talmid of Rav Dovid Leibowitz. When Rav Dovid left to form Yeshiva Chafetz Chaim, Rav Paltiel left with him. In the late 1960s, the rosh yeshiva of Yeshiva Chafetz Chaim, Rav Henoch Leibowitz zt”l, was approached by the small Torah community in Montreal asking for his help in starting a yeshiva in their city. Rav Henoch appointed Rav Paltiel to be a rosh yeshiva of Yeshiva Mercaz HaTorah. In the 1970s, he was again approached by Rav Henoch Leibowitz to assume the role of masmich of Chafetz Chaim. In his later years, together with Rav Avraham Ginzberg, he formed a Senior Kollel of talmidim of the yeshiva.

Today in History – 2 Tammuz

· The sun stood still in Givon and the moon in Emek Ayalon for Yehoshua in the war against the kings from the south, 1270 B.C.E.
· 12 Jews of Cologne martyred, 1266.
· First printed edition of the Sefer Hachinuch, 1523. (Some say 13 Tammuz)
· Rabbi Menashe b. Yisrael petitioned for permission to practice Judaism in England, 1656. Permission was debated by the Council of State who couldn’t reach a final decision. Nevertheless, the authorities closed their eyes to Jewish immigration which began to trickle into the country.
· An Auto da Fe was held in honor of the marriage of Carlos II to Louis Marie d’Orleans, 1680. It lasted 14 hours and was the last time that a “royal” Auto da Fe was held. The king himself set light to the quemadero (burning place).

Yahrtzeits – 3 Tammuz

Rav Yaakov Sapir, author of Even Sapir (A Journey to Yemen), a collection of stories of his travels through India, Australia, and Yemen, collecting tzedaka, having departed Yerushalayim in 1859. An account of the life of Yemenite Jewish communities is written at length.

Rav Yosef Chaim Shneur Kotler, rosh yeshivas Lakewood (1982). Rav Schneur passed away on the nineteenth year, seventh month and second day after assuming his Rosh Yeshiva position; equal to the day to the tenure of his father as Rosh Yeshiva of Lakewood. This extraordinary phenomenon was spoken of throughout the Torah world as a sign that in shamayim he was considered a worthy son, disciple and successor who carried on his father’s mission to build Torah with total devotion.

Rav Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Lubavitcher Rebbe (1902-1994). Born in Nikolaev, Russia on 11 Nissan. He first met his predecessor, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson in 1923 and married his second daughter Chaia Moussia (1901-88) in 1928. He became the 7th Lubavitcher Rebbe in 1950. He is best remembered for his extraordinary love and concern for every Jew. His emissaries around the globe, dedicated to strengthening Judaism, number in the thousands.

Rav Shlomo Eiger of Lublin (1872-1940). His father, Rav Avraham of Lublin, the Shevet Yehuda, was the son of the first Lubliner Rebbe, Rav Yehuda Leib (Rav Leibele Rav Leibele) Eiger (1816-1884), Rav Akiva Eiger’s grandson and a close talmid of the Izhbitzer, Rav Mordechai Yosef Leiner. Rav Shlomo married the daughter of the gevir, Rav Alter Wallerstein of Krushnik (45 miles east of Lublin), in 1887. When his father was niftar in 1914, he became Rebbe. Lublin was the main city of Eastern Poland. Jews had lived there since the 15th century, and perhaps earlier. In 1921, Lublin had a population of 37,337 Jews, comprising over a third of its population. The Lubliner heritage was continued by Rav Shlomo’s cousin, Rav Avraham Eiger, who established his court in Bnei Brak and passed away in 2000.

Today in History – 3 Tammuz

· The Haidamak (the paramilitary bands) Massacres in the Ukraine, 1768. The peasant serfs and Cossacks rioted much in the same vein as Chmielnicki 120 years earlier. At Uman, the Poles and Jews defended the city together under the Polish commander, Ivan Gonta. The next day, convinced that only the Jews would be attacked, Gonta allowed the fortified city to be entered without a fight. Approximately 8,000 Jews were killed, many of them trying to defend themselves near the shul. As soon as the Jews were all massacred, the Haidamaks began to kill the Poles.
· Emperor Alexander II of Russia gave the Jews permission to print sefarim and Jewish books, 1871.
· 1500 Jews of Kovno and 11,000 Jews in Kishinev were killed, 1941.

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}