Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 21-23 Tishrei

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Yahrtzeits – 21 Tishrei

Rav Yaakov Yosef HaKohen of Polnayah, author of Toldos Yaakov Yosef (1710-1784). He was the foremost disciple of the Baal Shem Tov, and one of the earliest champions of chassidus. He was a descendant of Rav Shimshon of Ostropole, and Rav Yomtov Lipman Heller, the Tosefos Yomtov. While still a young man, Rav Yaakov Yosef was appointed as the rav of Sharigrod in Padalia, a former province of Poland, and it is there that he became an ardent disciple of the Baal Shem Tov. His first sefer, Toldos Yaakov Yosef, is the first Chassidic sefer ever published, and is a major source of the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov, repeating the phrase, “I have heard from my teacher,” 249 times, and quoting him about another 40 times. In addition to Toldos Yaakov Yosef, he authored Ben Poras Yosef, Tzofnas Paane’ach, and Kesones Passim.

Rav Menachem Mendel of Premishlan (1777). A disciple of the Baal Shem Tov as well as of the Maggid of Mezritch. He settled in Eretz Yisrael in 1768. The actual year of his death is unknown. However, it was probably before 1777, since a large contingency of Chassidim that arrived that year apparently found him no longer living. His yahrtzeits date, however, is well-established.

Rav Dovid Moshe Friedman, the first Chortkover Rebbe, the 5th son of Rav Yisrael of Ruzhin (1828-1903). He moved to Chortkov in 1865 to become Rav, a position he kept for over 40 years. He is the author of Divrei Dovid. Upon his death in 1904, his son Reb Yisrael succeeded him.

Rav Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer, the Cheshev Sofer (1961)

Rav Yaakov Aryeh Twersky, the Trisker Rebbe (1979)

Yahrtzeits – 22 Tishrei

Rav Aharon Halevi Hurvitz of Stroshel, primary student of the Alter Rebbe of Lubavitch, author of Avodas Halevi and Shaar Hayichud (1828)

Rav Shraga Feivel of Gritza (1848)

Rav Moshe Shmuel Glasner (1857-1924). Rav Moshe, a great-grandson of the Chasam Sofer, was born in Pressburg and later moved with his family to Klausenberg, where his father served as Rav. Rav Moshe succeeded his father in that post in 1878 and filled it until 1923, when he settled in Yerushalayim. Rav Moshe’s best known work is Dor Revi’i on Meseches Chullin. His other works include responsa and a Torah commentary.

Rav Dovid Shapiro of Sonik-Dinov (1933).

Rav Moshe Yaakov Hakohen Revikov, tzadik nistar, the “sandlar (shoemaker) of Tel Aviv” (1966)

Nadvorna Rebbe of Petach Tikva (2002)

Yahrtzeits, Friday, 23 Tishrei (Simchas Torah in Chutz La’aretz)

Rav Dovid Jungreis, Rosh Av Beis din Yerushalayim (1898-1971). Rav Dovid’s grandfather was Rav Moshe HaLevi Jungreis, a student of the Ksav Sofer and the av beis din of Kashoi, while his father was Rav Baruch Reuven Shlomoh, the founder of the Eidah HaChareidis. He had married Rebbetzin Miriam Pu’ah, a daughter of Rav Asher Zussman. In 1931, at the age of 33, he was appointed dayanin the Eidah HaChareidis’ beis din, joing Rav Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld. His  knowledge was so vast, the Satmar Rav once said, “If Rav Dovid is here, I don’t need any sefer.” Although he was
childless, Rav Dovid’s insightful drashos, which were compiled by his students into a sefer, entitled Or Dovid

Rabbeinu Chanoch ben Rabbeinu Moshe of Cordova, one of the four Shevuyim

Rav Menachem Mendel of Linsk, father of Rav Naftali Tzvi of Ropshitz (1802).

 

Today in History – 22 Tishrei

· Jews of Rome prohibited by Urban VIII (1623-44) to erect matzeivos, 1625.
· Death of Dr. Marcus Jastrow (1829-1904). Born in Rogasen, Posen, Marcus Jastrow was thirty-seven-years-old when he was called to Philadelphia’s Congregation Rodeph Shalom, where he served as senior rabbi until his retirement in 1892. “A Dictionary of the Targumim, Talmud Babli, Talmud Yerushalmi and Midrashic Literature” evolved into, and was published as, a two-volume work in 1903.

Today in History – 23 Tishrei

· Hundreds of Jews in Cracow killed during hakafos 1555.
· Palestinian terrorists hijack Italian cruise ship, the Achille Lauro, and murder American Jew Leon Klinghoffer, 1985.
· A bomb placed outside of a shul on the Rue Copernic in Paris explodes killing 3 people, 1980. The terrorists are never apprehended, nor is it ever determined whether the perpetrators belonged to a Palestinian movement or the radical French right.
· Members of the dissolved Lebanese parliament ratify the Taif Agreement. Although the agreement calls for the “disbanding of all Lebanese and non-Lebanese militias,” Hezbollah remains active, 1988

 

{Yahrtzeits licensed to Matzav.com by Manny Saltiel and Anshe.org/Matzav.com Newscenter}

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