Yahrtzeits – Friday, 22 Sivan
Rav Isamar Rosenbaum, Nadvorna Rebbe (1973). Son of Rav Meir of Kretchnif, a descendent of the Premishlaner dynasty, Rav Isamar was appointed Rebbe at the age of 15. He established a Beis Midrash in Tchernowitz. He escaped to America during WW II. In 1969, he emigrated to Eretz Yisrael and established the Be’er Mayim Chaim Beis Midrash in the Yad Eliyahu section of Tel Aviv.
Rav Yosef Leib Sofer of Paksh, author of Yalkut Sofer (1915).
Rav Dovid Deutsch, author of Ohel Dovid (1831)
Rav Moshe Yerucham of Kotzk (1865).
Rav Baruch Asher of Chernobyl (1905)
Rav Eliyahu Bechor Chazan, author of Ta’alumos Lev (1908).
Rav Chaim Dov Halperin, the Vasloier Rebbe (1957). After surviving the War, he moved from Romania to Eretz Yisrael in 1950, settling in Haifa.
Rav Yitzchak Shlomo Ungar (2004). Born to Rav Avraham Tzvi, author of Machaneh Avraham on masechtos Mokvaos and Beitzah, and a sixth generation descendant of the Panim Meiros and a descendant of the Arizal. The Nazis deported the Ungar family to the Shopron ghetto near the Hungarian border. There, the father and 5 younger children were murdered. All five elder brothers survived. After the war, Rav Yitzchak Shlomo moved to Eretz Yisrael and became a Rav in Bnai Brak. In 1950, he founded the Chug Chasam Sofer kashrus organization. He also served as dayan in Rav Shmuel Wosner’s Beis Din of Zichron Meir. He established the yeshiva Machaneh Avraham in 1962.
Rav Yisrael Mordechai of Rachmistrivka (1929-2004). Born in Yerushalayim, the son of of Rav Yochanon, grandson of Rav Dovid of Rachmistrivka, and great-grandson of Rav Menachem Nachum of Rachmistrivka. As a bachur he learned in Yeshivas Sfas Emes. In 5711 (1951) the young Yisrael Mordechai married the daughter of Rav Zalman Uri, one of the distinguished Chassidim in Yerushalayim. He became Rebbe in 1982 after the passing of his father.
Rav Ephraim Fishel Rabinowitz (1924-2005), Born in Yerushalayim, he learned in the Chayei Olam yeshiva and Kollel. After his marriage, he took a position as Ram in Yeshivas Tiferes Yisrael. After holding positions in Toronto and New York, he became Rosh yeshiva of Tiferes Yisrael after the passing of the yeshiva’s previous leader, Rav Yehoshua Brim in 1986. He was also a member of the Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah.
Yahrtzeits – Shabbos, 23 Sivan
Rav Eliezer Yosef, son of Rav Yitzchak HaLevi Ledenberg, Belzer Rebbe (1954). He learned Beitza and Rosh Hashanah over 4000 times (memorized over 6 months when he was threatened by blindness).
Rav Yehuda Assad, author of Responsa Mahari Assad and Yehuda Yaaleh (1796-1866). Born in Assad, north of Budapest, Rav Yehuda learned under Rav Mordechai Banet in Nikolsburg. He served as Rabbi of Szerdahely from 1853 to 1866. After the petira of the Chasam Sofer, Rav Yehuda was regarded as the head of Hungarian Jewry.
Rav Yaakov Pollak, Rav of Prague, then Krakow, then Lublin (1455-1530 or 1525, per Yated 2007). He is considered the father or Torah scholarship and rabbinic authority in Poland. His main disciple was Rav Shalom Shachna (1490-1558), who headed the yeshiva in Lublin for over 40 years.
Today in History – 22 Sivan
· Citizens of Nuremberg, Bavaria received permission to expel its Jews, 1498.
· The Pope ordered the Jews of Carpentras, France to wear distinctive yellow hats, 1525.
· The West India Company directors ordered Peter Stuyvesant to permit the Jews to trade and own real-estate in New Amsterdam (which became New York), 1656.
Today in History – 23 Sivan
· Yerovam ben Navat stopped the Jews from bringing Bikurim to Yerushalayim; once a fast day, (Megillas Taanis 3).
· Mordechai issued a royal decree calling upon the Jews of the kingdom to defend themselves against attack by anti-Semites, 355 B.C.E.
· A mob led by the Queen Mother’s confessor, killed many Jews in Seville, Spain, 1391. The riots spread throughout the country.
· Jews of Posen, Poland were saved from a mob set to avenge the murder of a soldier, 1696. A peasant woman seized carrying the victim’s clothing, confessed to her son’s murder.
· American forces entered Philadelphia as the British withdrew, 1778
· Fast day of the Jewish community of Pesaro, Italy, to mark the murder of Jews following the retreat of Napoleon’s army, 1798.
· The KGB swooped down on Lemberg and arrested all those who had refused Russian citizenship. The Yidden were taken to the train station and put on trains to Siberia, 1940.
· The last British armed forces left Israel, 1948.