Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 27-28 Sivan


flicker_100393Yahrtzeits – 27 Sivan
-Rabbi Chanina ben Tradyon
, one of the Asara Harugei Malchus (Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 580).
-Rav Meir Eisenstadt, the Maharam Eish, author of Panim Meiros (1670-1744). He traced his lineage back to Dovid Hamelech. During the gezeiros of Tach veTat (1648-49), many Jews had to flee from the oncoming forces of Chmielnitzki, among them the Shach and his siter. The two of them were separated, and the sister ended up in the home of Reb Yitzchak, a wealthy parness of Sochathov. When he discovered her lineage, Reb Yitzchak married her. Their second son was Reb Meir. After his marriage to the Rav of Sokoatchov, he was supported for 10 years by his father-in-law. He later served as dayan in that town. He then moved to Worms, in Germany. In 1702, he lefts Worms and went to Prozhnitz, Moravia, where he was appointed Rav. Among his disciples in Prozhnitz was Rav Yonasan Eybeschuetz. He was chief rabbi of Eisenstadt from 1718 until his death in 1744, and through him the local yeshivah became celebrated. His magnum opus, Panim Meiros, is a 4-volume collection of his sheilos u’teshuvos and chidushim on shas. He also wrote Me’orei Esh (drashos on Chumash and the five megillos), Ohr Ganuz (chidushim on Maseches Kesubos and on Hilchos yayin nesech), and other sefarim. He and his wife had 11 children (9 boys and two girls). His grandson, Rav Yaakov Eisenstadt, was the author of the Toledos Yaakov. Many Litvishe Gedolim can trace their roots to the Panim Meiros, including the Netziv, Rav Chaim Brisker, and Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer.
-Rav Mordechai Kletzki (later known as Meltzer) (1797-1883). He married the daughter of Rav Leib Meltzer, and afterwards went by the latter’s surname. He was appointed Rosh Yeshiva of the Ramailles Yeshiva of Vilna, newly founded by Reb Meiles, in 1827. In 1852, he accepted the position of Rav in Kalavaria, and in 1864, Rav of Lida. After his petira, his talmidim published his chidusim in Techeiles Mordechai.

Yahrtzeits – 28 Sivan
-Rav Shimshon Aaron Polansky
, the Teplik Rav (1876-1948). Rav of Midovia in Ukraine’s Kiev district at age 20. Five years later, he became Rav of Teplik in Ukraine’s Podolia’s region. Rav Polansky immigrated to Eretz Yisrael in 1922, settling in the Beis Yisrael area of Yerushalayim.
-Rav Yisrael Zev Gustman (1908-1991), a talmid of Rav Shimon Shkop in Grodno. Rav Gustman became rosh yeshiva of Ramailles when he was still a young man in Vilna. He served on the beis din of Rav Chaim Ozer Grodzinsky. In fact, he was the youngest dayan in the history of Vilna (at age 19). When the Nazis invaded Vilna, they stormed the yeshiva beat Rav Gustman him until he collapsed. By a miracle he was spared, and he fled for his life. In 1961, Rav Gustman moved to Eretz Yisrael and transferred his yeshiva, Netzach Yisrael Ramailles, to the Rechavia section of Yerushalayim. Today its rosh yeshiva is his son- in-law, Rav Michel Berniker. One of his first students in Yerushalayim was Rav Moshe Francis, Rosh Kollel of the Chicago Community Kollel. Another talmid was Rav Moshe Lipke, Rosh Kollel of Y’kar Mordechai in Yerushalayim. Rav Gustman authored Kuntresei Shi’urim.
-Rebbetzin Pesha Leibowitz, wife of Rav Henoch Leibowitz, Rosh Yeshiva of Chafetz Chaim in Queens (1928-2004). She was born in Radin, the daughter of Rav Avraham Trop, and the grand-daughter of Rav Naftali Trop, the Radiner Rosh Yeshiva. The Rebbetzen’s father-in-law, Rav Dovid Leibowitz, the founder of Chofezt Chaim Yeshiva, was a talmid muvhak or the Alter of Slabodka, a nephew of the Chafetz Chaim, and a close talmid of Rav Naftali Trop. Rav Shmuel Birenbaum once remarked that “‘the Rebbitzen is a ‘gaon’ in chesed.”

Today in History – 27 Sivan
· The Romans stormed the Samaritan stronghold on Har Gerizim and killed 11,600 people, 67 C.E.
· Rabbi Akiva was imprisoned. 132 C.E.
· Second expulsion of Jews fromFrance, 1322.
· Purim of Florence, celebrating escape from massacre, 1790.
· Himmler appointed Chief of German police, 1933.
· Germanyinvaded Lithuania and Latvia when it mounted the attack against Russia, 1941.

Today in History – 28 Sivan
· 24 wagonloads of Gemaras and 200 other kisvei yad were burned in Paris, 1242.
· Jews of Genoa were expelled, 1567.
· The yeshivos of Slabodka and Telz closed their doors the day after Germany invaded Lithuania, 1941.
· Walther Rathenau, Jewish foreign minister of Germany, is assassinated by members of Organization Consul, a clandestine, right-wing political organization led by Captain Hermann Ehrhardt.{ Newscenter}