Rav Dovid Zvi Shlomo Biederman, known as Reb Dovid’l (1844-1918), leader of Chassidic community of Yerushalayim. Born in Lelov, his parents were Rav Eliezer Menachem Mendel of Lelov and Rebbetzin Matil Feiga. His mother’s grandfather was the Chozeh of Lublin. Reb Dovid’l was named after the founder of the Lelov dynasty, Rav Dovid (1745-1813) who was a direct descendant of Dovid HaMelech and a talmid of the Chozeh. Rav Dovid of Lelov was succeeded by his son, Rav Moshe (1776-1851). His son, Rav Eliezer Menachem Mendel, who decided to stay on in Yerushalayim. At that time, the Chassidic community of Eretz Yisrael was based mostly in Tzefas and Teveryah, and for the next few decades, the sole Chassidic court in Yerushalayim was that of Lelov. In his younger years, Rav Dovid’l traveled back to Europe to visit its tzaddikim. He was so impressed by Rav Aharon the Second of Karlin that, from that time on, he considered himself his chassid and observed all the customs of Karlin. In 1883 succeeded his father as Lelover Rebbe. However, there was an irony: on the one hand, Rav Dovid’l was now officially the fourth Lelover Rebbe while, on the other hand, he davened at the top of his voice with immense emotion, in true Karliner style. Reb Dovid’l was the official head of Kollel Warsaw, and with the funds, he established the neighborhood of Batei Warsaw, now a part of Meah Shearim. Lelov flourishes until this day with descendants heading courts in Yerushalayim, Bnei Brak, and New York.
Miriam Bella, sister of the Rama and wife of the head of Crakow Jewery (1619)
Rav Dov Cohen, author of Seder Hashulchan, one of the last remaining students of Chevron Yeshiva in Chevron under the Alter of Slabodka. Although he was born in Seattle, he was taken to Eretz Yisrael when he was 14 years old, because his mother was not satisfied with the chinuch in America. Before the founding of the state, he was Rav of several shuls, and after 1948, he served as Rav of the Israeli Air Force for 5 years (1912-2005).
Today in History – 5 Elul
· One of the earliest recorded instances of Christian censorship of Jewish writings ordered by King James I of Aragon, 1263.
· Rav Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk and Rav Avraham of Kalisk arrived in Eretz Yisrael, with a contingency of 300 chassidim in what was the first large aliya of the talmidim HaBesht, 1777.
· Ukrainian army massacred Jews of Kiev, 1919.
· Albert Bettelhein, journalist and author, convicted by a Georgia jury of murder, was lynched by an anti-Semitic mob, 1915.
· Jews from America, England, and Eretz Yisrael volunteered for the Royal Fusiliers, 1917. Although they formed Jewish units, they were not designated as such nor were they allowed to wear Jewish insignias.
· Mussolini canceled civil rights of Italian Jews and expelled all foreign-born Jews, 1938