Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 5 Tammuz


yahrtzeit-candlesRav Ezriel Meir of Lublin (1873-1941). Born to Rav Avraham Eiger of Lublin, a descendent of Rav Akiva Eiger. He reluctantly took the reigns of the Lublin Chassidim after his father’s petria in 1914. In

1913, Rav Ezriel Meir and his brother founded Yeshivas Ahavas Torah in Lublin, moving it to Warsaw a few years after WW I. Warsaw had the largest Chassidic community in the world at that time. Jews had first settled there during the 14th century, after the reign of King Kasimierz, and was then inundated by the Chassidic movement at the end of the 18th century. By 1939, Warsaw had a population of about 393,950 Jews, which was approximately one-third of the city’s total population.

Today in History – 5 Tammuz

· Galus Yehoyochin occurred on this day, 7 years after Yehoyokim was taken into galus, 433 BCE. Yehoyochin, king of Yehuda, was taken to Bavel together with the leading talmidei chachamim of his time.
· Yechezkel ben Buzi Hakohen gave his prophecy by the Kvar River, 5 years after Galus Yehoyochin, mentioned in the beginning of Sefer Yechezkel, 428 BCE
· Massacre of the Jews of Wiener-Neustadt, Austria, 1298.
· Pope allows Jews accused by the Inquisition the right to know who their accusers were, 1299.
· Rav Yom Tov Lipmann Heller, the Tosfos Yom Tov, was imprisoned, 1629.
· Passing of Daniel Mendoza, a Sephardi Jew who was known as the “father of scientific boxing”, 1876. Billing himself as “Mendoza the Jew”, he became one of England’s greatest boxing champions and the first boxer to win the patronage of the Prince of Wales.
· Mass killings of Jews in Auschwitz began by the Nazis, 1942.
· A postwar pogrom in Kielce, Poland, left 42 people, mostly yidden, dead and 50 wounded, 1946. Army and security officers took part in the attack that was sparked by the false story spread by Walenty Blaszcyk that his son had been kidnapped by Jews. The event is considered Europe’s last pogrom.
· Mohammed Bouyeri, a Muslim extremist on trial in the slaying of Dutch film-maker Thei van Gogh, unexpectedly confessed in court, saying he was driven by religious conviction. He was sentenced to life in prison. 2005

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel & Newscenter}