Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 6-7 Tammuz


yahrtzeit-candlesYahrtzeits, Friday, 6 Tammuz

Rav Yisrael Yaakov Algazi, grandson of Rav Shlomo Algazi, author of Yavin Shemua. He served the Sephardic community of Yerushalayim, replacing the batei Kehuna and led the Beit El Yeshiva. His sefarim included Ar’a Derabanan, Emes LeYaakov, Neos Yaakov, and Sheiris Yaakov (1680-1756)

Rav Chaim De la Rosa, mekubal and author of Toras Chacham (1786)

Rav Shmuel ben Dovid Madjar, Av Beis Din in Yerushalayim (1848).

Rav Moshe Hager of Kossov, author of Leket Ani (1860-1926). The Kossov dynasty began with Rav Menachem Mendel, the Oheiv Yisrael of Kossov (1768-1826), the son of Rav Koppel Chassid, a talmid of the Baal Shem Tov. It was Rav Menachem Mendel who first adopted the family name, “Hager,” which still prevails in the Vizhnitz dynasty, an offshoot of the Kossov court. Kossov is a town that lies at the foot of the Carpathian Mountains, in East Galicia, near the confluence of Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Romania. Jews had lived there since the fifteenth century at least. Rav Menachem Mendel’s grandson, Rav Yaakov Shimshon, married at the age of 15, but had remained childless for about thirty-two years, remarrying twice during that time. Then, Rav Moshe born. Rav Yaakov Shimshon passed in 1880, when his son, Moshe, was only 20. One year later, he took his post as Rebbe. Rav Moshe was succeeded by his son, Rav Chaim, who ultimately perished in the Holocaust. After the war, the Kossov dynasty was continued in Boro Park by a son of Rav Moshe’s daughter, Rav Avraham Yehoshua Heschel.

Rav Aharon Levin, Rav of of Reisha-Sambur (1940)

Rav Yitzchak Chaim Krisnetzky, Rosh Yeshiva Metzuyanim, Yerushalayim (1996).

Yahrtzeits, Shabbos, 7 Tammuz

Rav Pinchas Halevi Horowitz of Nikelsburg (1730-1805), Rav of Frankfurt, the Baal Hafla’ah. His father was the Rav of Tchortkov. His brother, Reb Shmuel Shmelke, became a talmid of the maggid of Mezeritch; in Chasidic circles, Rav Pinchas Halevi is also said to be a talmid of the magid, but this has been argued and is likely not true. As a youth, the Chasam Sofer learned with Rav Pinchas Halevi, whom he considered his rebbe muvhak. His son, Rav Tzvi Hirsch, followed him as Rav of Frankfurt. Toward the end of his life, the enlightenment and reform movements began their entries into Frankfurt. In 1805, a Reform school was established there, despite the firm opposition of its rabbanim. He authored Hafla’ah and HaMikneh on Gemara and halacha and Panim Yafos on chumash.

Rav Yechiel Yehuda Isacsohn (1922-1977). After marrying the youngest daughter of the Sigheter Rebbe (the Atzei Chaim), Rav Yechiel Yehuda served as Rav of Sighet, then moved to Eretz Yisrael where he became Rav of the Achuza-Haifa community. However, when his health weakened him, he was urged to move to Los Angeles. There, in the 1950s, together with a handful of Rabbanim and baalei batim, he founded Yeshiva Toras Emes. (After his petira, his name was added to the yeshiva.) He was also mara d’asra of the Mogen Avraham shul (today known as Beis Yehuda, in his memory). In 1989, a Chassidishe Kollel was founded in Los Angeles and was called Kollel Yechiel Yehuda, to mark the import that the Rav had on the community. Today, his grandson, Rav Shlomo Klein, an avreich at the Kollel, serves as Rav of Kehillas Ohr Hachayim.

Rav Gedalia Schorr (1911-1979). Born in the town of Istrik to Rav Avraham Schorr, a Rizhiner chasid, Rav Gedalyah moved to America with his family at the age of 10 and was one of the first students of Mesivta Torah Vodaas uner Rav Shraga Feivel Mendlowitz. He joined the first group of the Daf Yomi cycle when he was 12 years old, and started delivering shiur on the Daf when he was 15. At Torah Vodaas, he studied with Rav Dovid Leibowitz, grandson of the Chafetz Chaim’s brother. When he was 20, he began giving shiur at the Mesivta. After he was married, he left for Europe to study under Rav Aharon Kotler at Kletsk. However, one year later, he was told by the American consul in Warsaw to return home because of the imminent danger. He worked closely with Agudas Yisrael’s rescue efforts during the war. In 1946, he was appointed menahel ruchni, along with Rav Yaakov Kamenetsky, of Mesivta Torah Vodaas, a post he maintained for 33 years. In 1956, after the
death of Rav Reuven Grozovsky, he also became Rosh Yeshiva of Beis Medrash Elyon, the post-graduate division of Torah Vodaas. His discourses have been collected in the sefer Ohr Gedalyahu.

Rav Simcha Bunim Alter (1992), the Gerrer Rebbe from 1977-1992; also known as the Lev Simcha. He originated the daf yomi for the Talmud Yerushalmi.

Rebbetzin Raizel Portugal, the Skulener Rebbetzin (1925-2005). Born in Yapa, Romania, a city near Sighet, Romania. Her father, Rav Menachem Zev Stern, one of the talmidim of the Satmar Rebbe, was the Rav of Vishava, Romania, and later of Givat Shaul. Her mother was the daughter of Rav Meir Barnet, the Baal Divrei Meir.

Today in History – 6 Tammuz

· Crusaders massacred Jews of Mehr, 1096
· 24 wagonloads of Sifrei Kodesh burned in Paris, 1242
· Massacre of the Jews of Ifhauben, Austria, 1298
· Solomon de Media became the first professing Jew to receive a knighthood in England, 1700. Medinahad helped finance what became known as the “glorious revolution” which installed William of Orange and Mary (the daughter of James II) on the throne. Their rule ended any hope for a restoration of Catholic rule in England.
· Jews of Ostroha established this day as Purim Ostroha, to commemorate their community being saved during the Russian-Polish war, 1792.
· Catherine II of Russia restricted the area where Jews were permitted to trade, 1794.
· Nazis capture Lvov (Lemberg), in present-day Ukraine, home to over 100,000 Jews, over 5000 of whom were murdered within a matter of days, with the assistance of local citizens, 1941
· American forces completed their capture of the French port of Cherbourg from the Germans, 1944
· Raid at Entebbe, saving 265 Jews from Palestinian and Ugandan terrorists, 1976
· German-born conductor Otto Klemperer (5733)

Today in History – 7 Tammuz

· Jewish quarter of Prague was burned and looted, 1559.
· Jews of Ostroha established this day as Purim Ostroha, to commemorate their community being saved during the Russian-Polish war when Russian troops attacked the shul, mistaking it for a fortress, 1792.
· Alexander II issued a decree returning Cantonists under the age of 20 to their parents and ordering that they be exempt from service until they had reached that age, 1859.
· Ukrainian Petliura pogrom kills many Jews, 1919.
· President Roosevelt called for an international conference to consider the “displaced persons” problem, 1938. The negligible results highlighted the passive role of the Western world and emboldened the Nazis to continue with their genocidal plans.
· Hundreds of Jews of Yurburg, Lithuania executed by the Nazis, 1941.

{Yahrtzeits licensed by Manny Saltiel and to Newscenter}