Yahrtzeits – 8 Elul
Birthday (1566 BCE) and yahrtzeit (1441 BCE) of Dan ben Yaakov Avinu (Midrash Tadshe)
Rav Chisdai ben Shmuel HaKohen Perachia (1678). He was the author of responsa called Toras Chessed. He died in Salonika (then Turkey, now Greece).
Rav Avraham Shimshon HaKohen of Rashkov, son of the Toldos Yaakov Yosef. He was one of talmidim of the Besht that went to Eretz-Yisrael
Rav Yosef Yoel Deutsch, Av Beis Din and first Rav of Kretchinef (1858). He also served as Dayan in Tarnopol from 1832 to 1839, and Rav in Manistrich in Galicia from 1846. He authored Yad Yosef, a collection of 124 responsa on the four sections of Shulchan Aruch. His son, Rav Dovid Nosan Deutsch, wrote Nefesh Dovid.
Rav Moshe Sheinfeld (1935). He was known for his articles which appeared in Digleinu (the newspaper of Z.A.I. – Tze’irei Agudas Yisroel). He was famous (or perhaps infamous) for presenting seemingly irrefutable truths and arriving at troubling conclusions.
Yahrtzeits – 9 Elul
Rav Tzadok HaKohen Rabinowitz of Lublin, author of Pri Tzadik, Resisei Layla, and other works (1823-1900). The son of Rav Yaakov HaKohen, Rav of Kreisberg, Rav Tzadok studied only the revelead aspects of Torah (halacha and Talmud) until he was 24. Beginning in 1847, he learned only kabbalistic teachings. Rabbi Tzadok became a chasid of the Izbitcher Rebbe and a close friend of Rav Yehuda Leib Eiger. Upon the death of Rav Eiger in 1888, he agreed to take over the leadership of the chasidim. Rabbi Tzadok was a prolific writer whose works made an enormous impact with their profound thoughts. Besides writing numerous chidushim, he also wrote scholarly essays on astronomy, geometry, and algebra.
Rav Nachum Mordechai Perlow of Novominsk, Poland (1887-1976). The son of R’ Alter Yisrael Shimon (the Tiferes Ish) and grandson of R’ Yaakov, the first Novominsker Rebbe and author of the sefer Shufra D’Yaakov. In 1916, Rav Nachum married Beila Rochma, the daughter of Rav Yitzchak Zelig Morgenstern, the Sokolover Rebbe. The Sokolover Rebbe was one of the leading founders of Agudas Yisrael, as well as a Rosh Yeshiva. He was also a direct descendant of the Kotzker Dynasty, and he embodied the approach of Kotzk. Rav Nachum learned with his father-in-law for five years and later helped his father-in-law found the Yeshiva Beis Yisrael in Sokolov. In 1926 he journeyed to the United States to raise financial resources for the Sokolover Yeshiva, eventually choosing to make his home and open his Beis Medrash in the Brooklyn. He authored the sefer Pe’er Nachum. He was actively involved in Agudath Israel, and his son, R’ Yaakov, is the current Novominsker Rebbe and one of the leading rabbinic figures in the United States today.
Rav Yonasan Shteif (Steif), Rav of K’hal Adas Yere’im-Vien in New York (1877-1958). Born in the shtetl of Gaya in what was then Moravia, Rav Yonasan was sent to Pressburg at the age of 11, to learn with the Shevet Sofer.. Hs first rabbinical post was as Rav of Guta, where he also founded a small yeshiva. Five years later, he became dayan and Rosh Yeshiva in Ungvar. When the Budapest Av Beis Din, Rav Yaakov Shalom Sofer, was niftar in 1923, Rav Yonasan was selected to replace him. His tenure lasted until 1944. His teshuvos numbered in the thousands, and were recorded in his Sheilos U’teshuvos Mahari Steif. At Bergen-Belsen, he and the Satmar Rav became very close, often learning together (with no sfarim, of course) when they could. He esdcaped to Switzerland, but lost his only son, Tzvi Yehuda, and his grandson, Aaron Yitzchak. At the end of 1947, he emigrated to the United States and became Rav of the Viener kehilla.
Rebbetzin Sarah Grossbard, wife of Rav Nachum Abba Grossbard (2005).
Today in History – 8 Elul
· Jewish resistance to Roman forces came to an end with the fall of the walls of the upper city of Yerushalayim, 70 C.E.
· Russian Emperor appoints a commission to study injurious influences of Jews upon the native population, 1881.
· Shechita was banned in Switzerland, 1893. (The ban is still in effect and the Jewish community gets its meat from other neighboring countries.)
· The Italian Fascist government surrendered unconditionally to Allied troops which had crossed from the northern coast of Africa to first take Sicily, then into Italy proper, 1943. Unfortunately, the Germans poured their forces into Italy and held the line at the south of Naples.
Today in History – 9 Elul
· Ramban reaches Yerushalayim, re-establishing Jewish community, 1267.
· Jews of Gerona, Spain, massacred, 1391.
· The Pope prohibited Jews from admitting Christians into shuls, 1592.
· Jacob Barsimson, the first known Jew to settle in North America, arrived in New Amsterdam (New York), 1654.
· Jewish teachers and students barred from Italian schools, 1938
· Wearing the yellow star became obligatory for all Jews in the Reich, 1941