The Kosel Compromise – A Small Bit of Clarity in the Dark

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By Rabbi Avrohom Gordimer

If it walks like a duck and quacks like a duck…

Whereas heterodox and a few left-edge Orthodox leaders have hailed the Israeli government’s decision to create an expanded official area for non-Orthodox prayer along the Western Wall (a decision by and large opposed by most Orthodox Jews), Women of the Wall (WoW) and feminist allies who identify as Orthodox are assailing the decision for reason that it does not provide for WoW-type women’s prayer groups at the Orthodox women’s prayer section of the Wall; such prayer would need to be conducted at the non-Orthodox Robinson’s Arch prayer area, along with the heterodox groups.

WoW representatives and their allies, laying out the context of various lawsuits filed by WoW against Rabbi Shmuel Rabinowitz (rav of the Kosel) and the Israeli government, have created straw man arguments to artificially bolster their position, claiming that the Western Wall has been unfairly designated as a site of Chareidi-only prayer, to the prejudice of other forms of Orthodoxy, such as WoW:

To our Orthodox sisters, who participate in our pluralist, inclusive services, whom our tefilla policy accommodates with respect, we say this: no deal which says, either adopt haredi prayer practice in order to stay at the Kotel, or go to Robinson’s, a site of prayer practices contrary to your religious commitments, and a place with no resonance or meaning for any of us, is one we will accept. We are about Jewish women’s prayer, at the Kotel. Neither aspect is negotiable. Nor is our solidarity as Jewish women. Our prayer is no afterthought to other goals, other players. No back of the bus for us, with or without padded seats, or signs.


I do not want to abandon that tradition to Haredi fundamentalists—at least, not at this unique holy and national site.


capitulation to fundamentalism… allowing misogynists to turn the Kotel into a Haredi shul

These statements are false and intentionally misleading. It is patently clear that the Western Wall’s Orthodox prayer area is home to all types of tefilla that are within Halacha and Mesorah (Tradition); one need not look past his eyebrows to see the countless minyanim there which are led and populated by men wearing kippot serugot (knit yarmulkes – as well as leather yarmulkes, baseball caps and all else), identifying as “non-Chareidim”. And so too for the women – one will find loads of women in the Orthodox women’s section from all stripes and walks of life. The Orthodox tefilla area of the Wall is glaringly not a “Chareidi-only” site. Indeed, the common thread that runs through the souls and minds of all of who worship there is not the type of headgear they sport, the color of their clothing, their background, their specific hashkafic (ideological) bent, or their accent, but rather their deference to Halacha and Mesorah while at the holiest site of prayer.

Clearly, the argument of WoW and its allies that the main Kosel prayer area has been unfairly designated as an exclusive locus for Chareidi fundamentalists is false, intentionally misleading, and was designed to advance a self-serving agenda.

But alas the truth has emerged, for it is not only the opinion of the greatest halachic authorities across the spectrum, including the roshei yeshiva of Yeshiva University and the senior cadre of Israeli Religious Zionist sages, who do not accept WoW “minyanim” and similar groupings as Orthodox; for it is crystal clear as well even to the secular Israeli government and the non-Orthodox movements that negotiated the new Western Wall deal that WoW-type prayer groups do not fall within the Orthodox classification. To behold women laying tefillin, in violation of the Rema in the Shulchan Aruch (OC 38:3), and women filling male roles at public services, in contravention of thousands of years of Tradition and the rulings of the most preeminent halachic masters across the board, is readily recognized as non-Orthodox practice by even secular authorities, who have relegated WoW-type prayer gatherings to the Wall’s non-Orthodox worship area. Just as I cannot claim to be a blonde with black hair, or a bearded man with a clean-shaven face, has the new Western Wall decision settled on a very public level WoW’s claims to Orthodox bona fides.

One WoW ally laments:

(The decision excludes) women who live according to Orthodox tradition, which mandates daily prayer, and desire that prayer to be led by women, in the company of women… The desire of women who live their lives according to halakha and desire to pray communally in the fellowship of other women, and be led by them, remains unrequited and unrecognized at the Kotel…

As sincere as this sentiment may be, it is one of inherent contradiction, as those who “live their lives according to halakha” are expected and bidden to submit to the rulings of Halacha’s greatest decisors. Otherwise stated, in the lexicon of Rav Yosef Dov Soloveitchik zt”l, Halacha is about surrender to the Divine Imperative – not about designing Judaism as I want it to be.

While the new Western Wall decision may offend Tradition inasmuch as it legitimizes the violation of Tradition at our most sacred locus of prayer, it has also served to separate the men from the boys, or, more precisely, the Orthodox from the non-Orthodox, with glaring and prominent clarity.

This article first appeared at Cross Currents and was submitted by the author for publication here on Matzav.

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  1. religious commitment means a commitment to HaShem’s Torah, not a commitment to one’s own agenda. not a commitment to ‘i know better than G-d’ about halacha. a person is a kohen only because he was born that way and no amount of saying ‘that’s not fair’ changes the fact of kehuna. jews of other tribes have different rights and responsibilities. women are women because that’s how they were born, with all the privileges, rights and responsibilities that are their birth right. no matter how hard a man tries, he cannot bear children and no matter how much WoW tries to worship as a man, they still remain women. i’m sorry you’re so disappointed, ladies

  2. When a woman desires and claims to be man , arguably she will now has all the myriads of obligations of a male due to ‘Shav’yei Anaf’shei Chaticha D’isura’, without accruing any of the benefits of being male

    And vice versa

    If a man desires and claims to be woman , arguably he will now have the obligations of a female due to ‘Shav’yei Anaf’shei Chaticha D’isura’, without accruing any of the benefits of being female

  3. First the women were barred from the Wall, and no one spoke up.
    Then, the non-Orthodox were barred from the Wall, and no one spoke up.
    Then, the “Open Orthodox” were barred from the Wall, and no one spoke up.
    Then, our enemies came to attack us at the Wall (chas v’shalom), and there was no one there to fight back

  4. Glee parade.

    Someone wants easy toeivah rights and another wants a holy experience. Its like putting your raft in the sea and thinking that the sharks do not bite.

    Seriously. I would rather surf than look at half the people at the wall and I have not yet learned how to stand on a wave. This is sad.

  5. Cameron Neelie: No person was barred from the wall, but everyone was asked to adhere to the rules of behavior in this special space. This group did not want to follow the rules, it wanted the rules changed. They can daven at the wall if they want to, if they follow the rules. If they don’t want to do that then accommodations have been made for them to daven as they want, in a different (although not quite equal, you might say) area of the wall. If all they really wanted was the opportunity to daven in public as they wanted they would accept this graciously. If what they really want is to change the rules, then they will loudly and angrily refuse. Let’s see, what has their reaction been?

  6. Cameron Neelie ,

    Nice cheap paraphrase but a red herring

    They (and you) are the doing the self centered rough pushing here

    Holding on to cherished holy values is a sacrifice we take for the betterment of all humankind,and so should they

  7. Cameron Neelie,
    “our enemies came to attack us at the Wall (chas v’shalom), and there was no one there to fight back”

    Who is to say it would still be worth fight for ,under those circumstances?????


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