Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 20 Cheshvan

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yahrtzeit-candlesRav Avraham ben Yitzchak of Narbonne, author of Sefer HaEshkol, father-in-law of the the Raavad, Rav Avraham ben Dovid.

Rav Avraham ben Dovid (Ravad II) (1119-1198). R’ Avraham lived at the time of Rabbeinu Tam and is mentioned a few times in the Tosafos. He had the merit of having Eliyahu HaNavi appear to him, as claimed by Rabbi Chaim Vital in his introduction to Etz HaChaim. His son was the tzaddik Rabbi Yitzchak Sagi Nahor. According to Yated Neeman in 2005, he is the author of Sefer HaEshkol

Rav Shalom of Kaminka (1851)

Rav Yechezkel, the third Rebbe of Radmosk, known as the Kenesses Yechezkel of Radomsk (1864-1910)

Rav Moshe Lemberger, the Makava Rav of Kfar Ata (1982)

Rav Mordechai Sharabi (1912-1984). Born in Taiz, Yemen; his father was niftar before he was born, and his mother passed away just 4 years later. He was raised by his grandfather, Rav Yefes Avraham, Rav in Sharab. Rav Mordechai’s other grandfather was Rav Salom Sharabi, the Rashash. In 1931, shortly after he married, Rav Mordechai moved to Eretz Yisrael and settled in Yerushalayim. He later founded Yeshivat Nahar Shalom in the Machane Yehuda section of the city. Although they never had children, tens of boys of the neighborhood had their meals with them and grew to become Roshei Yeshiva and Roshei Kollel. It is related that in the week of Rav Mordechai’s petira, the Baba Sali experienced a frightening premonition that much Jewish blood would be spilled, including children. He davened the entire day and fasted despite being over 90 years of age. The next morning, he announced that the gezeira was lifted, and that one of the tzadikim gave his life away for the generation. At the time, the Baba Sali was not aware that Rav Mordechai was ill. Indeed, Rav Sharabi was niftar that week.

Rav Mordechai Leib Zuckerman, author of Meir Einei Yisrael (1912-2003). Born in Samagron, a city near Vilna. In 1931, he moved to Radin to learn with the Chofetz Chaim. During the war, he arrived in the Kovna ghetto, where he acted as shamash for Rav Avraham Grodzinsky, the mashgiach of Slabodka. As Rav Avraham’s talmid muvhak, he transcribed his mentor’s discourses and studied with him privately bechavrusa when Rav Avraham was hospitalized. Subsequently, the Nazis burned down that hospital and Rav Mordechai Leib was the last person to have seen Rav Avraham alive. When the Nazis decided to liquidate the entire ghetto, Rav Mordechai Leib was saved by a miracle when he hid in a pit with a few others. In 1948, he moved to Yerushalayim, settling in Givat Shaul and accepting the positions of rav of the Perushim shul and the head of Kollel Chevron there. He occupied those positions for over 50 years.

Today in History – 20 Cheshvan

· Restricted rights for Austrian Jews, 1396.
· Jewish community of Ferrara, Italy miraculously escaped disaster when a violent earthquake struck, 1571.
· Birth of Rav Avraham Yaakov of Sadigura, the Sadigurer Rebbe (1820-1883), son of Rav Yisrael of Ruzhin

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}


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