-Rav Chaim Meir Yechiel Shapira of Mogelnitz (or Moglonitza) (1849). He was raised and taught by his maternal grandfather, the Koznitzer Maggid. He married the granddaughter of the Rebbe R.
Elimelech of Lyzhinsk. He was also the disciple of four leading figures of his generation: the rebbes of Lublin, Pesichah, Apta, and Ruzhin.
-Rav Avraham Eliyahu (Elya) Kaplan (1890-1924). Named for his father, who had passed away suddenly at the age of 33 several months before his son’s birth, he was born and spent his early years in his maternal grandfather’s house in the town of Kaidan, a suburb of Kovno, in Lithuania. He studied for several years in Telshe, then studied in Slabodka for seven years. He was one of the founders of a Torah youth movement “Torah v’Oz,” and a parallel educational movement for girls, “Agudas Bnos Yisroel.” Reb Avraham Elya’s movement then blossomed into a national organization known as “Tzi’irei Yisroel. The final period in Reb Avraham Elya’s life began in 1920, when he both married the daughter of a distinguished family from Telshe, and became a Rosh Yeshiva at the Hildesheimer Seminary in Berlin
Today in History – 15 Iyar
· The “Black Code,” stipulating the expulsion of the Jews from all the French Caribbean islands, came into force, 1687, forcing the Jews to leave for the Dutch islands and give up their flourishing cocoa plantations to French hands.
· Empress Catherine I of Russia expelled all Jews from the Ukraine, 1727.
· Anti-Jewish riots in Rostov on the Don, Russia, 1883.
· Mussolini was executed by Italian partisans, 1945.
· The end of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising.