Rav Elazar Menachem Man Shach (1894-2001). Born in Vaboilnick, Lithuania, and left for Ponevezh (38km away) at age 7. Learned at Slabodka under Rav Yechezkel Bernstein (Divrei Yechezkel), then under the Alter (Rav Nosson Tzvi Finkel, and developed a close relationship with Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer, whose niece Rav Shach eventually married. In 1927, he served as Rosh Mesivta at Kletzk under Rav Aharon Kotler, holding the same position at Novardok from 1932-34. In 1951, he started his career as Rosh Yeshiva at Ponevezh under Rav Yosef Kahanemen.Today in History – 16 Cheshvan
· Jews, with the exception of peddlers and petty traders, are granted civil rights in Hesse-Cassel, Germany, formerly part of the kingdom of Westphalia, 1833. Emancipation is granted to the remainder of German Jews nearly 40 years later.
· Ulysses S. Grant (future president of the U.S.A.) orders Jews barred from service under his command, during the civil war 1862.
· 1500 Jews of Kolomyya, Galicia and 15,000 Jews of Rowno, Poland massacred by the Nazis, 1941.
· Aliya of Yemenite Jews began, 1949. Operation Magic Carpet brings almost 40,000 Jews from Yemen to Israel.
· Reb Shlomo Carlebach, the foremost Jewish songwriter in the 2nd half of the 20th century, passes away, 1994.