Today’s Yahrtzeits and History – 22 Adar

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Rav Yaakov of Novominsk (1902). Father of Rav Yehuda Aryeh Perlow of Vlodova (1878-1961) and Rav Alter Yisrael Shimon Perlow of Novominsk.

Rav Yechiel Michel Epstein (1829-1908). Born in Bobroysk, author of the Aruch Hashulchan, Rav of Novardok for 34 years, father of Rav Baruch HaLevy Epstein (author of Torah Temima) and grandfather of Rav Meir Bar-Ilan, with whom he learned in Novardok. His wife was the sister of the Netziv.

Rav Eliezer Dovid (ben Hillel) Finkler of Radoshitz (1927). He succeeded his father as Rebbe in 1901. Known as a tzadik and a baal mofes, he always spoke to his Chassidim in Lashon Hakodesh, and on Shabbos he would converse exclusively in that language. He was succeeded by his son Rav Chaim Asher as Rebbe and by his other son Yisrael Yosef as Rav of Radoshitz.

Rav Avraham Dov Ber (ben Shlomo Zalman) Kahana-Shapiro, Chief Rabbi of Kovno before and during World War II (1870-1943). Born in Kobrin on Yom Kippur, his father was a descendant of Rav Chaim Volozhiner. Rav Avraham attended the Volozhin Yeshiva. He was president of the Agudas Ha-Rabbanim of Lithuania and came to the US in March 1924 with Rav Kook and Rav Moshe Mordechai Epstein, to collect funds for Torah institutions in Israel and Europe . He died in the Slobodka ghetto on. His piskei halacha can be found in the sefer Dvar Avraham.

Rav Reuven (ben Shimshon) Grozovsky, Rosh Yeshivas Kamenitz and Torah Vodaas (1896[1886, per Wikipedia]-1958). Successor of Rav Baruch Ber Lebowitz at Kaminetz. When Rav Reuevn was a young man studying in the Slobodka Yeshiva, his father, the Dayan of Minsk, passed away. His colleagues at Slobodka included Rav Yaakov Yitzchak Halevi Ruderman, Rav Yaakov Kaminetsky, Rav Aharon Kotler and Rav Yitzchak Hutner.

Rav Yisrael Moshe (ben Yosef Tzvi) Dushinsky (1921-2003). Born in Chust , Hungary , to the Rav of Chust, he was his father’s first son, when his father was 50 years old. After many years and many brachos, Rav Rav Yosef Tzvi received a bracha from Rav Yechezkel Shraga of Shinava, who also gave a him his sefer, Ayalah Sheluchah, printed in the memory of the Shonava Rav’s son, Naftali, who was nifter on the 21st of Kislev, 1864. The following year, on the exact date of Reb Naftali’s yahrtzeit, Yisrael Moshe was born. His middle name was in honor of his great uncle, the Maharam Shick. The family moved to Eretz Yisrael in Adar of 1930, one month before the petirah of Rav Yosef Chaim Zonenfeld. He was married to the daughter of Rav Dovid Yehoshua Gross, Rosh Hakohol of the Satmar Kehillah, in 1945. On Erev Sukkos of 1949, his father was niftar, and the 27-year-old Rav Yisrael Moshe was appointed Rosh Yeshiva of Dushinsky. In 1969, he was inducted as a member of the Eidah Charedis. He became S’gan Beish Din after the Satmar Rebbe’s petira and the Av Beis Din in 1996.

Rav Yeshaya Shimonowitz, Rosh Yeshivas Rav Yaakov Yosef, U.S.

Today in History – 22 Adar

· Jews of Uberlingen , Switzerland , were massacred, 1349.
· An earthquake rocked the city of R o m e , leading to the immediate nullification of a decree that every Jew in the kehilla must either convert or be killed, 1430
· King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella signed a decree expelling the Jews of Spain, 1492.
· Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Lubny , Russia , 1881.
· The heavy cruiser USS Houston was sunk in the Battle of Sunda Strait, with 693 crew members killed, 1942.
· The Dachau concentration camp was established, originally designated as a prison camp for political prisoners. Over 200,00 Jews passed through its gates, most of whom perished. Although a gas chamber was built there, it was never used. Dachau was liberated in April 1945 by the U.S. army.
· A lynch in Ramallah, 1948. Sixteen Jewish fighters who left Atarot to attack Arab travelers in reaction to the slaughter of Jewish travelers, were caught. The six captured alive were brutally tortured to death.
· The Egyptian parliament unanimously approved a peace treaty with Israel , 1979.
· Seven female Jewish students were shot to death by a Jordan soldier while on a field trip in Bakura , Jordan , 1997

{Manny Newscenter}


  1. Wasn’t Meir Bar Ilan the brother of Rabbi Chaim Berlin? If so, he was the SON of the Netziv, not grandson. He would have been the nephew of the Aruch HaShulchan not his grandson.

    • Very good question. Look up regarding the second wife of the Netziv, who was his niece, the daughter of the Aruch Hashulchan, and the mother of Rabbi Meir Bar Ilan. Rav Chaim Berlin, was the Aruch Hashulchan’s nephew; that is correct.

  2. (B’Ezras Hashem, a drop more about Rav Reuvein Grozovsky)

    He was the Rosh Yeshiva also of Beis Medrosh Elyon in Monsey and was the head of the Moetzes Gedolay Torah (the supreme rabbinical board) of the Agudath Israel of America organization. He had tremendous influence in directing the growth of the American Torah communities. His in-depth analysis of many parts of Shas are published in the Sefer “Chedushei Rav Reuvein”; like the in-depth analysis Sefer, the “Birchas Shemuel,” of his father-in-law, Rav Baruch Ber Lebowitz, the Chedushei Rav Reuvein is a standard text for in-depth Talmudic study.

  3. 22 Adar is the Yahrtzeit also of Rav Manis Mandel. He was one of the very top Talmidim of Yeshiva Torah Vodaas, specifically of its Rosh Yeshiva, Rav Shlomo Heiman and its Menahel, Rav Shraga Feivel Mendelowitz. For over 60 years, he served as the Yeshiva’s Ba’al Tefila on Yomim Noraim. For very many years, he served as the Menahel of the Yeshiva of Brooklyn, directing it — with its two schools: an elementary & high school for girls and an elementary school for boys — to be one of the finest Mosdos of Torah Chinuch.

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