Today’s Yahrtzeits and History – 3 Av

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Rav Shimshon of Astropolia, along with 10,000 Jews of Polana, died al kiddush Hashem, in the Chmielnicki massacres (1648).

Rav Shimshon Bachrach of Nicholsburg, son of the Chavos Yair (1721)

Rav Yaakov Landau, son of the Noda BiYehudah (1822)

Rav Shmuel Bornstein (also known as Shmuel Salir), author of Shem Mishmuel and Rebbe of Sochaczev (1855-1927). He was the son of the Avnei Nezer.

Rav Yitzchak ben Mordechai Twersky, the first Skverer Rebbe in America. Known as Reb Itzikel Skverer, he left Ukraine and settled in the Boro Park section of Brooklyn. came to America, arriving in 1923.

Rav Eliyahu Moshe Shisgal (1973). Learned with Rav Shlomo Heiman at Yeshivas Torah V’Daas. He married Faye Gittel Feinstein, daughter of Rav Moshe Feinstein.

Today in History – 3 Av

· Anti-Jewish riots in Breslau resulted in many deaths and the expulsion of those that remained alive, 1360.
· 10,000 Jews of Polannoe perished in the Chmielnicki massacres, 1648.
· Rav Moshe Chaim Luzzatto (Mesilas Yesharim) was forced to swear that he would stop writing down his heavenly revelations by a heavenly Maggid. These writings were seen by Rav Y. Chagiz of Altona, a gadol of his era, and aroused suspicions that the Ramchal was a possible follower of Shabsi Tzvi.

· First shipload of Russian Jews arrived in New York on this date in 1881. This was the beginning of the mass immigration of Russian Jews to the United States after the 1881 pogroms all over Russia.

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}


  1. there are (at least) two seforim named Shem Mishmuel. One is the more famous one by Rav Shmuel Bornshtein, son of the Avnei Nezer. He was nifter in Teves. The other Shem Mishmuel was R. Shmuel Salir, whose yartzeit is refered to here. Two different authors.

  2. Harav Shmuel Salir and Harav Shmuel Bornstein were two different people who wrote seforim entitled “Shem M’shmuel”.

    Harav Shmuel Salir, zt”l was a Rav in Lvov and he was nifter in 1797 on 3 Av.

    Harav Shmuel Bornstein zt”l of Sochatchov (1855-1927) was nifter on 24 Teves.


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