Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 11 Tammuz

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flicker_1003912Rav Yitzchak Chiyus (1616). Rav in Prossnitz (Prostejov) and Prague. Author of Pnei Yitzchak (which sets Yoreh Deah to rhyme), Siach Yitzchak (which sets Hilchos Pesach to rhyme), and Pachad Yitzchak, a

commentary on the passage in Tractate Gittin which deals with the destruction of the Temple, as well as Api Rav’reve.

Rav Aharon Moshe Toibish, Rav and Av Beis Din of Jassy (Yassy; Iasi; Yosser; Tirgu-Yasski), Romania, and author of Karnei Re’em and To’eifos Re’em. Yassy, the capital of Moldavia, once had 40,000 inhabitants, but fires in 1822 and 1827 reduced that number by a half. In 1854, the whole of Moldova was in Bessarabia, a province of Russia. In 1849, 20% were Jews, and in 1908, close to 50% were Jews.

Rav Tzvi Hirsch Eichenstein of Zhidatchov (1785-1831), founder of the Zhidachov dynasty and author of Ateres Tzvi. A close disciple of the Chozeh of Lublin, he championed the position that the practice of Chasidism had to be firmly based on the study of the Kabbala of the Ari Hakadosh.

Rav Avraham Damesek of Krakow, author of Avnei Kodesh (1841).

Rav Yehuda Leib Tzirelson (1859-1941). In 1908, he became Rav and Av Beis Din in Kishinev. In 1912 he was among core Jewish leaders and rabbis who laid the foundation to Agudath Israel movement. In 1918 Bessarabia became part of Romania and R. Tsirelson was nominated Chief Rabbi of the whole Bessarabia. In 1920 having enough knowledge of Romanian language he was elected to represent Jews of Bessarabia in the Parliament of Romania in Bucharest. In 1922 he became the only Bessarabian Jewish representative in the parliament.

Rav Elchonon Bunim Wasserman, author of Kovetz Shiurim, Kovetz Heoros, Kovetz Maamarim and Ikvesa D’Meshicha. Born in the town of Birz, Lithuania, he learned at Telshe under Rav Eliezer Gordon and Rav Shimon Shkop., then lived with and learned from R’ Chaim Soleveitchik from 1897 to 1899. He learned from the Chafetz Chaim 1907-10, becoming his closest disciple, then went to Brisk to be Rosh Yeshiva. Became Rosh Yeshiva of Brananovich after WW1 in 1920 and grew it from 60 to 500 bachurim. (1875-1941)

Rav Shmuel (“Shmelke”) Pinter, the Bukovsker Rebbe (1919-1994).

Today in History – 11 Tammuz

· King Louis IX of France decreed that all Jews must wear the distinctive yellow badge, 1269.
· The expulsion of all Marranos in Ghent, Belgium, 1549.
· “Red Purim” in Algiers, 1774. The Spanish armada under O Reilly tried to capture the city, and the Jews were in danger, but were finally saved.
· Earthquake in environs of Yerushalayim, 1927. The Kaf Hachaim notes (576:26) that although many Arabs died, miraculously not a single Jew was injured.
· Death of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, 1935

{Yahrtzeits licesned to by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}



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