Rav Tzvi Hirsh Broide, Rosh Yeshivas Kelm. His wife was Rebbetzin Nechamah Leba Broide, the daughter of the Alter of Kelm. He became very close to his talmid Yechezkel Levenstein, the future mashgiach of Mir and Ponevezh.
Rav Aharon of Karlin, the Beis Aharon (1802-1872). The son of Reb Asher of Stolin. He was named for his illustrious grandfather, Reb Aharon of Karlin, the first Karliner Rebbe, and thus he is also known as Reb Aharon the Second Perlov of Karlin. He was also known as the Mlynover Rebbe and the Freilicher Rebbe (the latter a term describing his disposition). Later in his life, he was forced to move to Stolin, several miles away from Karlin, and the dynasty has been known as Karlin-Stolin since then. His insights were anthologized in the sefer Beis Aharon.
Rav Moshe Vorhand of Makava (or Makó) (Hungary), the Ohel Moshe (1862-1944). His descendants include Zeev Vorhand, the “Prague Rabbi” from Manhattan, and the Lemberger boys, Simon, Mendel, Ephraim, Avram, Shlomo and Asher, all rabbis like their father, father-in-law, grandfather and great-grandfather.
Rav Avrohom Yehoshua Greenbaum (1930-2001). Born in the Polish city of Tomoshov, on the Russian- Polish border, he became the head of the Beis Mordechai kollel in Bnei Brak. He was shot to death on his way to a synagogue in a Jewish neighborhood in Zurich.
Today in History – 17 Sivan
· Chashmona’im captured and settled Migdal Tzur. The date was observed as a ‘yom tov’.
· Jewish insurgent forces captured the fortress of Antonia in Yerushalayim, 65 C.E.. This battle marked the outbreak of the Jewish revolt against Rome.
· Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg was imprisoned, 1286.
· The city of Acco was captured by Muslims, 1291, bringing to an end the Christian domination of Eretz Yisrael.
· Under the coaching of Nathan of Gaza, Shabsai Tzvi proclaimed himself the Messiah, 1665.
· Edgardo Mortaro kidnapped by Papal authorities to be raised as a Catholic because the family’s Christian maid had secretly baptized him,1853. Tragically, he eventually became a Catholic priest. He died in 1940 in Paris, after spending years in a monastery. Elena Mortara, a great-great-grand-niece of his, continues to campaign for an apology from the Vatican against the canonization of Pius IX who gave the orders to kidnap Mortaro.
· The German ocean liner St. Louis, carrying more than 900 Jewish refugees, was turned away from the Florida coast by U. S. officials, 1939.
· The German military commander of occupied France ordered all Jews to wear a yellow Star of Dovid with the inscription “Juif”, 1942.
· Himmler ordered the destruction of all Russian ghettos, 1943.
· The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) established in East Yerushalayim. 1964, three years before the Six-Day War, through which Israel acquired the disputed territories.
· Spainpassed a law granting Jews and Protestants the right of public worship, including permission to mark their places of worship and advertise their religious services, 1967. This was the first such law since Ferdinand and Isabella proclaimed Catholicism as Spain’s only religion. In 2006, for the first time, a poll showed that the majority of Spanish citizens do not consider themselves believers in Christianity.