Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 18-19 Sivan

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yahrtzeit-candlesRav Avraham Hakohen Rappaport Shrentzel, Rosh Yeshivas Chevron (1584-1651). As a youth, he learned under Rav Meshulam Feivush, the Rav of Cracow. He married the daughter of Reb Mordechai Shrentzel of Lemberg and continued his studies under Rav Yehoshua Falk in that city. He founded a yeshiva and taught there for 42 years. He authored Shailos Uteshuvas Eissan HaEzrachi.

Rav Yissachar Dov Ber, the “Saba Kadisha” of Radushitcz (Radoszyce; Radoshitz), (1765-1843). A disciple of Rav Yaakov Yitzchak, the Chozeh of Lublin, and Rav Yaakov Yitzchak of P’shischa.

Rav Moshe Mordechai Shteger (1843), author of Meged Shamayim, a peyrush on Pri Megadim on Yoreh Deah. The sefer was published in 1889.

Rav Yerucham Levovitz, mashgiach Yeshivas Mir (1936). Jews first began to settle in the town of Mir early in the 17th century, but the town itself is mentioned in records for 1345. There were over 800 Jews in Mir by 1806. By the end of the 19th century, there were more than 3,000 Jews in Mir (62% of the town population). The Mir Yeshiva was founded in 1815. During WWI the Mir Yeshiva headed by Rav Eliezer Yehuda Finkel, moved to Poltava, in the Ukraine and did not return until 1921. Reb Yerucham was born around the year 1874 in Luban, Belarus. In his teens, he went to learn in Slobodka, becoming one of the top students of the Alter, Rav Nosson Tzvi Finkel. In his early 20s, he attended Kelm, under Rav Simcha Zissel Ziv. After Reb Yerucham’s marriage, he learned in seclusion for eight years, covering the entire Shas. Then he became the mashgiach of the Chofetz Chaim’ s yeshiva in Radin. He became mashgiach at Mir in 1910, a position he kept for 26 years. Among his talmidim were Rav Shimon Schwab and Rav Dovid Povarsky, who later became Rosh Yeshiva of Ponevezh. His shmuessen were published posthumously by his students, in Daas Chochma U’mussar, Daas Torah and other sefarim.

Rav Yaakov Elimelech Paneth of Dezh (1888-1944). Born in Ober Visheva, he became Rav of Marosh-Aueviher at the age of 18, and Rav and Rosh Yeshiva of Dezh in 1926. After the petira of his father three years later, Rav Yaakov Elimelech was appointed Rebbe, as well as Rosh Kollel of Ahavas Tzion in Tranylvania. He was taken to Auschwitz with his kehilla and murdered with his entire family, leaving no descendents. His Divrei Torah were published in a sefer called Zichron Yaakov.

Rav Chaim Baruch Paneth (1944), Rav in Dezh, son of Rav Yaakov Elimelech Paneth. Rav Chaim Baruch was killed in Auschwitz with his wife and six children.

Rav Menachem Mendel Paneth (1944), Rav in Anfi, son of Rav Yaakov Elimelech Paneth. He was killed in Auschvitz with his wife.

Rav Avraham Yosef Pesachovitz, author of Be’er Mayim (1953)

Rav Aharon Cohen (1905-1961). Born in a small village near Kovno, Lithuania, his father, Rav Avraham Mordechai HaCohen, was a rebbe of small children, and his grandfather, Rav Yosef HaCohen, was known as the Masmid of Eishishok. When Germany conquered Lithuania, his family moved to the Ukarine and Rav Aaron learned at Lomza. After the war, he returned to Kovna and learned at Slobodka. In 1925, he joined the first group of talmidim sent by the Alter of Slobodka to Chevron. The Rosh Yeshiva at Chevron, Rav Moshe Mordechai Epstein, took him as a son-in-law. He served as Rosh Mesivta for 30 years. Childless themselves, his Rebbetzin and he raised several orphans. His monumental work was called Beis Aaron.

Rav Moshe Leib Shapiro, author of Taba’os Hachoshen (1972)

Today in History – 18 Sivan

· The corpse of Reb Leizer Protogin was found hanging from a beam in the Tailors’ Shul in Slavita, 1835. Although it was clear that he had committed suicide, his death would be used by a priest named Benderovski in the nearby town of Zaslow as an opportunity to accuse the Jews of Salvita with murder. His report to Czar Alexander I, led to the closing of the famous Slavita printing press and the extensive jailing and torture of the Shapiro brothers who ran the press.

Yahrtzeits – 19 Sivan

Rav Shmuel Hominer of Yerushalayim, author of Eved HaMelech on the Chumash, and Ikarai Dinim, a summary of the laws of loshon hora with analysis

Rav Yehuda ibn Atar (1656-1733). He was a student of Rav Vidal HaTzorfati and Rav Menachem Serero. He was the Rav, the Av Beis Din and the Rosh Yeshiva in Fez for 40 years. His book Minchas Yehudais his commentary on the Torah.

Rav Menachem Nachum of Skver-Boro Park (1946)

Today in History – 19 Sivan

· The first Jewish hospital in America – Jews’ Hospital of New York – admitted its first patient, 1855.(The Jews of Berlin had a small hospital in the 16th century. Jews of Rome had their own hospital in the 17th century. Russian Jews had 112 hospitals prior to World War I. But when the Jews of Bucharest petitioned the government for permission to build a hospital, following the death of a Jew who was denied admission into the city hospital, the petition was denied.)
· The Battle of Midway began. Three days later, American forces claimed a decisive victory over the Japanese, 1942.
· 642 men, women, and children were killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France, 1944. The attack was carried out by soldiers of the Der Führer Regiment of the 2nd Waffen-SS Panzer Division Das Reich. To this day there is no universally accepted explanation for the massacre.

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