Rav Yaakov of Orleans, one of the Baalei Tosefos and a student of Rabbeinu Tam, was killed with many other Jews in London during pogroms after the coronation of King Richard the Lion-Hearted, 1189.
Rav Moshe Zvi Aryeh Bick (1911-1990). Born in Medzbosz (Mezhbizh), Ukraine, but grew up in New York, he is recognized as one of the first gedolim to be raised on American soil. He studied under R’ Moshe Soloveitchik at the Yeshiva Rabbeinu Yitzchak Elchanan Spektor and attended New York City public schools at night. At age 21, R’ Bick was hired by a shul in the Bronx. While there, he founded schools for both boys and girls. Later, he moved to Boro Park. He was recognized as a master posek by both chassidic and non-chassidic communities, but never published his teshuvos.
Rav Hillel Vitkind, Rosh Yeshiva of Beis Hillel of Novardok-Tel Aviv in Bnei Brak. He and his Rebbetzen were moser nefesh for bochurim arriving on the shores of Eretz Yisrael. They lived a life of great poverty as a result of the tremendous expenses which they incurred for saving the bochurim.
Rav Elimelech Alter Paneth (“Reb Meilech”) , the Deizher Rebbe (1928-2005). Born to Rav Yosef and Rebbetzen Lifash Paneth in Tekendorf, Romania, he lived with his family in Paris after the War, before they all emigrated to the United States. He married Rebbetzen Yocheved in 1951.
Today in History – 19 Elul
· Anti-Jewish riots in Stockholm, Sweden, 1852.
· England, France, Australia, and New Zealand declare war on Germany, two days after its invasion of Poland, 1939.
· Anti-Semitic speech by Charles Lindbergh on the radio, 1941, marked the introduction of anti-Semitism as a political tool in America.
· Ghetto of Uman was liquidated by the Nazis, 1941.
· 90,000 Jews were sent to their deaths from the Warsaw Ghetto, 1942. A total of 300,000 Jews were sent to Nazi extermination camps during a 53 day period from Erev Tisha B’Av until Erev Rosh Hashana that year.