Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 21-22 Adar

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flicker_10039Rav Avraham ben Musa (1660-1733). Born to Rav Shlomo in Tutiuan , Morocco , he moved to Saly , Morocco some time before 1706, and was probably Rav of the city. A learned mekubal, he later moved to Fez . His most famous sefer is Minch as Sotah. His only remaining work on kabalah are his noted on Kisvei HaAri.. In about 1720, he moved to Tunis ia where he appointed Rav and Rosh Yeshiva.

Rav Elimelech Weisblum of Lizhensk, author of Noam Elimelech, (1717-1787). Learned under the Maggid of Mezritch. Among his students were Rav Avraham Yehoshua Heshel of Apta, The Chozeh of Lublin , the Maggid of Kozhnitz, and Rav Menachem Mendel of Rimanov.

Rav Aryeh Leib Halberstam of Dukla (1877)

Rav Yitzchak Elchonon (ben Yisrael Isser) Spector, Rav of Kovno (1817-1896), lived in Kovno 1866-1896. His fater was the Rav of the Lithuanian town of Roush , located in the Grodno district. After he married (to Sara Raizel), he moved to Volkovisk where his father-in-law comfortably supported him. The rav in Volkovisk at that time was Rav Binyamin Diskin. A great luminary in and of himself, he was also famous for his illustrious son, Rav Yoshua Leib Diskin, the rav of Brisk, who later moved to Eretz Yisrael. Rav Binyamin Diskin was so impressed with Yitzchak Elchonon that he set up a special chavrusa to study with him Choshen Mishpot two hours a day. In 1837, when he was 20 years old, he accepted the offer to become rav of the small village of Zebelen , and then became rav in Baraze in 1839. He became rav of Novardok in 1851 and rav of Kovno in 1864. He held the position in Kovno for 32 years. He authored Be’er Yitzchak and Eyn Yitzchak (both teshuvos) and Nachal Yitzchak on Choshen Mishpat.

Rav Itzele Rabinowitz (also known as (Rav Itzele Ponevezher), Rosh Yeshiva in Slabodka and Ponevezh (1919). He wrote Zecher Yitzchak. After his petira, he was succeeded by the 33-year old Rav Yosef Shlomo Kahaneman.

Rav Moshe Shmuel Glasner, a great-grandson of the Chasam Sofer, was born in Pressburg and later moved with his family to Klausenberg, where his father served as Rabbi. Rav Moshe succeeded his father in that post in 1878. His best known work is Dor Revi’i on Tractate Chullin, in which he explains those places where Rambam’s understanding differs from that of other Rishonim. (1924)

Rav Binyamin Fuchs of Grossvardein (1936)

Rav Shlomo Yosef Zevin, editor of the Talmudical Encyclopedia (1976)

Rav Yitzchak Horowitz of Stetchin (1862-1940). His father was a direct descendent of Rav Naftali Tzvi of Ropshitz, and his uncle was the Imrei Noam of Dzikov. Rav Yitzchak was succeeded by his son Rav Yehuda, who moved to New York before passing away in 1982.

Rav Shalom Schnitzler, the Tchaba Rav of London (1989)

Mr. Avraham Dov Kohn, Principal of Gateshead Seminary.

Rav Doniel Schur (2006). A strong presence in Cleveland ‘s Jewish community as a Rav, mohel, and educator. He was appointed Rav of Beth Midrash Hagadol-Heights Jewish Center.

Today in History – 21 Adar

· The first dated edition of the Mishneh Torah was published, 1490.

Today’s Yahrtzeits – 22 Adar

Rav Yaakov of Novominsk (1902). Father of Rav Yehuda Aryeh Perlow of Vlodova (1878-1961) and Rav Alter Yisrael Shimon Perlow of Novominsk.

Rav Yechiel Michel Epstein (1829-1908). Born in Bobroysk, author of the Aruch Hashulchan, Rav of Novardok for 34 years, father of Rav Baruch HaLevy Epstein (author of Torah Temima) and grandfather of Rav Meir Bar-Ilan, with whom he learned in Novardok. His wife was the sister of the Netziv.

Rav Eliezer Dovid (ben Hillel) Finkler of Radoshitz (1927). He succeeded his father as Rebbe in 1901. Known as a tzadik and a baal mofes, he always spoke to his Chassidim in Lashon Hakodesh, and on Shabbos he would converse exclusively in that language. He was succeeded by his son Rav Chaim Asher as Rebbe and by his other son Yisrael Yosef as Rav of Radoshitz.

Rav Avraham Dov Ber (ben Shlomo Zalman) Kahana-Shapiro, Chief Rabbi of Kovno before and during World War II (1870-1943). Born in Kobrin on Yom Kippur, his father was a descendant of Rav Chaim Volozhiner. Rav Avraham attended the Volozhin Yeshiva. He was president of the Agudas Ha-Rabbanim of Lithuania and came to the US in March 1924 with Rav Kook and Rav Moshe Mordechai Epstein, to collect funds for Torah institutions in Israel and Europe . He died in the Slobodka ghetto on. His piskei halacha can be found in the sefer Dvar Avraham.

Rav Reuven (ben Shimshon) Grozovsky, Rosh Yeshivas Kamenitz and Torah Vodaas (1896[1886, per Wikipedia]-1958). Successor of Rav Baruch Ber Lebowitz at Kaminetz. When Rav Reuevn was a young man studying in the Slobodka Yeshiva, his father, the Dayan of Minsk, passed away. His colleagues at Slobodka included Rav Yaakov Yitzchak Halevi Ruderman, Rav Yaakov Kaminetsky, Rav Aharon Kotler and Rav Yitzchak Hutner.

Rav Yisrael Moshe (ben Yosef Tzvi) Dushinsky (1921-2003). Born in Chust , Hungary , to the Rav of Chust, he was his father’s first son, when his father was 50 years old. After many years and many brachos, Rav Rav Yosef Tzvi received a bracha from Rav Yechezkel Shraga of Shinava, who also gave a him his sefer, Ayalah Sheluchah, printed in the memory of the Shonava Rav’s son, Naftali, who was nifter on the 21st of Kislev, 1864. The following year, on the exact date of Reb Naftali’s yahrtzeit, Yisrael Moshe was born. His middle name was in honor of his great uncle, the Maharam Shick. The family moved to Eretz Yisrael in Adar of 1930, one month before the petirah of Rav Yosef Chaim Zonenfeld. He was married to the daughter of Rav Dovid Yehoshua Gross, Rosh Hakohol of the Satmar Kehillah, in 1945. On Erev Sukkos of 1949, his father was niftar, and the 27-year-old Rav Yisrael Moshe was appointed Rosh Yeshiva of Dushinsky. In 1969, he was inducted as a member of the Eidah Charedis. He became S’gan Beish Din after the Satmar Rebbe’s petira and the Av Beis Din in 1996.

Rav Yeshaya Shimonowitz, Rosh Yeshivas Rav Yaakov Yosef, U.S.

Today in History – 22 Adar

· Jews of Uberlingen , Switzerland , were massacred, 1349.
· An earthquake rocked the city of R o m e , leading to the immediate nullification of a decree that every Jew in the kehilla must either convert or be killed, 1430
· King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella signed a decree expelling the Jews of Spain, 1492.
· Anti-Jewish riots broke out in Lubny , Russia , 1881.
· The heavy cruiser USS Houston was sunk in the Battle of Sunda Strait, with 693 crew members killed, 1942.
· The Dachau concentration camp was established, originally designated as a prison camp for political prisoners. Over 200,00 Jews passed through its gates, most of whom perished. Although a gas chamber was built there, it was never used. Dachau was liberated in April 1945 by the U.S. army.
· A lynch in Ramallah, 1948. Sixteen Jewish fighters who left Atarot to attack Arab travelers in reaction to the slaughter of Jewish travelers, were caught. The six captured alive were brutally tortured to death.
· The Egyptian parliament unanimously approved a peace treaty with Israel , 1979.
· Seven female Jewish students were shot to death by a Jordan soldier while on a field trip in Bakura , Jordan , 1997

{Manny Newscenter}


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