Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 28-29 Tishrei

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flicker_100392Yahrtzeits – 28 Tishrei

Rav Nachman Tzvi HaLevi of Kolomaya, son of Rav Yitzcak, Rav of Kolomaya (1829)

Rav Shmuel Landau of Prague, second son of the Noda BeYehuda (1837)

Rav Avraham Eiger, the Admor of Lublin (1914-2000). He was named after his father, the author of Shevet MiYehuda, who had died just three months before his birth on erev Rosh Chodesh Iyar. He joined a long line of admorim stretching back through his grandfather, R’ Shlomo Eiger, and his great- grandfather, the great R’ Akiva Eiger, all the way to the founder of the dynasty, R’ Leibele Eiger, also known as the Toras Emes. He survived the war by escaping to Shanghai. In 1949, he moved to Eretz Yisrael, settling in Yerushalayim for a year, then setting up the Lubliner Beis Chassidim in Tel Aviv. In 1955, he moved to Bnei Brak, and in 1963, he set up his Beis Midrash in the center of Zichron Meir.

Yahrtzeits – 29 Tishrei

Shimon Hatzadik of the Anshei Knesset Hagedola, 313 BCE

Rav Menachem Mendel of Vizhnitz (1830-1885), author of Tzemach Tzedek. Named for His grandfather, Rav Menachem Mendel Hager of Kossov (1768-1825), founder of the Vizhnitz dynasty. Born to Rav Chaim of Kossov, who betrothed him to Miriam, daughter of Rav Yisrael of Rizhin, when his son was only 6 years old. The wedding took place in 1844. In 1854, he moved to Vizhnitz, a small town at the foot of the Carpathian mountains, 30 miles from the Romanian border. Shortly thereafter his father was niftar. He assumed the mantle of Vizhnitz when he was only 24. He was succeeded by his son Rav Baruch (1845-1893).

Rav Avraham Chaim Horowitz of Plantch (1918). Although he is known by the town in which he first held court, Rav Avraham and his family were thrown out of Planch by the Russians, and settled in Radomishel. During World War I, they settled in Budapest, then in Reisha following the war.

Rav Akiva Glasner (1956). A descendant of the Chasam Sofer and of Rav Akiva Eiger, Rav Glasner succeeded his father, Rav Moshe Shmuel Glasner, as Chief Rabbi of Klausenberg, Rumania, in 1922, and served there until the deportation of the Jews in 1944. He was deported to Bergen-Belsen, but was saved from there on the famous “Kasztner train.” (Rudolf Kasztner was a non-religious Hungarian Zionist who struck a deal with Adolf Eichman to save some 1,700 Jews in exchange for trucks. Years later, an Orthodox Israeli journalist accused Kasztner of acting improperly, and Kasztner sued for libel. After a celebrated trial, Kasztner lost. He was exonerated on appeal, but only posthumously, having been murdered in 1957. Among those saved by Kasztner was Rav Yoel Teitelbaum, the Satmar Rebbe) After the War, Rav Glasner lived in Zurich until his death at age 71. His works include: Dor Dorim and Ikvei Hatzon.

Rav Shmuel Tzvi Danziger, Alexander Rebbe (1923). The son of Rav Yechiel Danziger and brother of Rav Yerachmiel Yisrael Yitzchak Danziger (1853-1910). Rav Shmuel authored Tiferes Shmuel. His son, Rav Yitzchak Menachem Mendel Danziger (1880-1943; author of Akeidas Yitzchak) succeeded him as Rebbe.

 Today in History – 28 Tishrei

· The fourth Rabban Gamliel was removed from office by the Romans, thereby ending the last vestiges of Jewish autonomy, 415.
· Saladin captured Yerushalayim from the Crusaders, and allowed Jews to return to the city after an absence of 88 years, 1187.
· The British White Paper, restricting Jewish immigration and purchase of land was published, 1930.

Today in History – 29 Tishrei

· Jews of Lower Bavaria expelled, 1450.
· Francegrants Algerian Jews citizenship, 1870. Previously, Jews living in the French colony were required to make individual requests for naturalization.
· First Jewish deportees left Vienna and Bohemia, 1939.
· Deadline for Warsaw’s Jews to move into the ghetto, 1940.
· Last transport of Austrian Jews left for Theresienstadt, 1942.

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