Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 7 Cheshvan

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flicker_100391Rav Yehuda Meir Shapiro of Lublin (1887-1933). His father, Rav Yaakov Shimshon Katz of Shatz, Romania, was a descendent of Rav Pinchas Koretz, a disciple of the Baal Shem Tov. His mother, Margala,

was the daughter of Rav Shmuel Yitzchak Schor, author of Minchas Shai, and a descendent of the author of Tevu’as Shor. He was also a descendent of Rav Bechor Shor of Orleans, one of the Baalie Tosefos. He was married in 1906 and took his first appointment, Rav of Galina, in 1911. In 1921, he became Rav of Sanok, then in 1924 Rav of Piotrkov. It was while there that he wrote his sefer Or HaMeir. Also in 1923, he began the first cycle of Daf Yomi, having shared this idea at the first Knessiah Gedolah of Agudath Yisrael the previous year. That first cycle began on Rosh Hashana in 1923 and was completed 2702 days later on Tu Bishvat in 1931. His other major project was to found the yeshiva Chachmei Lublin, in 1930.

Rav Simcha Elberg, editor of Pardes journal

Rav Yehuda Tzvi Eichenstein of Rozdol, author of Daas Kedoshim (1791-1847). The son of Rav Moshe of Sambor and son-in-law and successor of Rav Zvi Hirsch of Zidachov, he became the Rebbe of Rozdol and was considered one of the leading kabbalists of his generation.

Rav Nosson Dovid Rabinowitz of Shidlova (1865)

Rav Yerachmiel Tzvi of Biala-Shedlitz (1878 [or 1877]-1905), son of the Divrei Binah (Rav Yitzchak Yaakov Rabinowitz of Biala). His son was Rav Yechiel Yehoshua Rabinowitz, born in 1900. The Biala-Shedlitz Rebbe was niftar only five years later.

Rav Yisrael Weltz, Rav of Budapest and author of Teshuvos Divrei Yisrael (1973). In 1927, he published a compendium of halachos and customs called Chok LeYisrael on Shabbos Erev Pesach. His father-in-law was Rav Chaim Ephraim Baloity (b. 1877), who was a student of the Shevet Sofer and whose many responsa were printed in the rabbinical journals Tel Talpiot and ve-Yelaket Yosef.

Rav Avraham Meisels, mechutan of the Rema (1599)

Rav Shimon Deutsch of Dobromil, author of Nachalas Shimon (1801)

Rav Tzvi Hersh of Tomoshov, a talmid of Rav Menachem Mendel of Kotzk (1870)

Rav Dovid of Sevorn (1914)

Today in History – 7 Cheshvan

· Although in January, 1482, Pope Sixtus IV had denounced the Inquisition as cruel, in 1483 he gave into Ferdinand’s pressure and extended the authority of the Inquisition to Aragon, Catalonia, and Valencia. This consolidated the Inquisition into one central body under Torquemada.
· First settlers to Petach Tikva, 1878.
· 10,000 Jews of Kovno ghetto taken for execution, 1941
· Jewish children under the age of 12 were taken from the Shavl, Lithuania and executed, 1943.

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