Today’s Yahrzteits & History – 19 Adar

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flicker_100393-Rav Dovid Spira of Dinov (1804-1874). Rav Dovid was the author of Tzemach Dovid and the son of Rav Tzvi Elimelech, the Bnei Yissoschar. He succeeded his father as Rebbe in Dinov following the latter’s petira in 1841.
-Rav Yaakov Shamshon of Kossov (1880)
-Rav Yehuda Greenwald of Satmar (1920)
-Rav Meir Yechiel Haldshtok, founder of the court of Ostrovtze (1851-1928). A talmid of Rav Elimelech of Grodzinsk, a scion of the Kozhnitzer dynasty. Ostrovtze was one of two courts in Poland known for their yeshivos and high level of learning; the other was Sochatchov. Rav Meir Yechiel’s intricate sermons, which drew heavily on gematria, came to be known as “Ostgrovotze pshetlach.” They have been collected in Meir Einei Chachamim, and his teachings on Bereishis in Ohr Torah.
-Rav Yosef Chaim Sonnenfeld, av beis din and Rav of Yerushalayim before the State of Israel was established. (1848-1932)
-Rav Yehuda Greenwald, Av Bais Din of Satmar, author of Shevet MiYehuda
-Rav Shmuel Engel (1853-1935 or 1932). Born in Tarno, Galicia. Rav of Radomishla (Radimishla; Radomishel) from 1888. Authored Sheilos Uteshuvas Maharash.
-Rav Emanuel Weltfried of Pabianetz-Lodz (1939)
-Rav Yitzchak Kalish, Amshenover Rebbe, New York (1993). Son of Rav Yosef Kalish of Amshinov, grandson of Rav Menachem Kalish of Amshinov.
-Rav Yaakov Chaim Yaffen, Rosh Yeshiva of Beis Yosef Novardok and the son of Rav Avraham Jofen, the son-in-law of the Alter of Novardok (1917-2003). Following his bar mitzvah he studied at Baranovich for one year under Rav Dovid Rapaport, and then for a year under Rav Elchonon Wasserman. During these two years he lived with his uncle, the mashgiach, Rav Yisrael Yaakov Lubchansky. Later he returned to Bialystok to study under his father at Yeshivas Beis Yosef. In 1941, he arrived in the U.S. with his father. He began giving shiurim that year at Yeshivas Beis Yosef, and continued to do so for the next sixty years.Today in History – 19 Adar
· Vincents Fettmilch (Vintznitz Patmilech), who had expelled the Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main half a year earlier on 27 Elul, was executed on this day, 1616. Frankfurt Jews for generations fasted and gave tzedaka on this day, called “Purim Vincents,” and celebrated a seudas hoda’ah the following day.
· Peter the Great of Russia ends tax on “men with beards,” a category of people which certainly included Jews, 1722.
· The restriction of the sale of Arab land to Jews in Palestine, as stated in the MacDonald White Paper, went into effect on this date, 1940.
· Capture of Ein Gedi by Israel, 1949, brought to an end the military engagements of the War of Independence.
· Israeli fighter planes shot down Libyan Airlines Flight 114 over the Sinai desert, killing more than 100 people.

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