Today’s Yahrtzeits and History – 27 Sivan


yahrtzeit-candlesRabbi Chanina ben Tradyon, one of the Asara Harugei Malchus (Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 580).

Rav Meir Eisenstadt, the Maharam Eish, author of Panim Meiros (1670-1744). He traced his lineage back to Dovid Hamelech. During the gezeiros of Tach veTat (1648-49), many Jews had to flee from the oncoming forces of Chmielnitzki, among them the Shach and his siter. The two of them were separated, and the sister ended up in the home of Reb Yitzchak, a wealthy parness of Sochathov. When he discovered her lineage, Reb Yitzchak married her. Their second son was Reb Meir. After his marriage to the Rav of Sokoatchov, he was supported for 10 years by his father-in-law. He later served as dayan in that town. He then moved to Worms, in Germany. In 1702, he lefts Worms and went to Prozhnitz, Moravia, where he was appointed Rav. Among his disciples in Prozhnitz was Rav Yonasan Eybeschuetz. He was chief rabbi of Eisenstadt from 1718 until his death in 1744, and through him the local yeshivah became celebrated. His magnum opus, Panim Meiros, is a 4-volume collection of his sheilos u’teshuvos and chidushim on shas. He also wrote Me’orei Esh (drashos on Chumash and the five megillos), Ohr Ganuz (chidushim on Maseches Kesubos and on Hilchos yayin nesech), and other sefarim. He and his wife had 11 children (9 boys and two girls). His grandson, Rav Yaakov Eisenstadt, was the author of the Toledos Yaakov. Many Litvishe Gedolim can trace their roots to the Panim Meiros, including the Netziv, Rav Chaim Brisker, and Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer.

Rav Mordechai Kletzki (later known as Meltzer) (1797-1883). He married the daughter of Rav Leib Meltzer, and afterwards went by the latter’s surname. He was appointed Rosh Yeshiva of the Ramailles Yeshiva of Vilna, newly founded by Reb Meiles, in 1827. In 1852, he accepted the position of Rav in Kalavaria, and in 1864, Rav of Lida. After his petira, his talmidim published his chidusim in Techeiles Mordechai.

Rav Chaim Stein ZT”L, Rosh Yeshivas Telshe.

Today in History – 27 Sivan

· The Romans stormed the Samaritan stronghold on Har Gerizim and killed 11,600 people, 67 C.E.
· Rabbi Akiva was imprisoned. 132 C.E.
· Second expulsion of Jews fromFrance, 1322.
· Purim of Florence, celebrating escape from massacre, 1790.
· Himmler appointed Chief of German police, 1933.
· Germanyinvaded Lithuania and Latvia when it mounted the attack against Russia, 1941.

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}