Rav Shimshon of Astropolia, along with 10,000 Jews of Polana, died al kiddush Hashem, in the Chmielnicki massacres (1648).
Rav Shimshon Bachrach of Nicholsburg, son of the Chavos Yair (1721)
Rav Yaakov Landau, son of the Noda BiYehudah (1822)
Rav Shmuel Bornstein (also known as Shmuel Salir), author of Shem Mishmuel and Rebbe of Sochaczev (1855-1927). He was the son of the Avnei Nezer.
Rav Yitzchak ben Mordechai Twersky, the first Skverer Rebbe in America. Known as Reb Itzikel Skverer, he left Ukraine and settled in the Boro Park section of Brooklyn. came to America, arriving in 1923.
Rav Eliyahu Moshe Shisgal (1973). Learned with Rav Shlomo Heiman at Yeshivas Torah V’Daas. He married Faye Gittel Feinstein, daughter of Rav Moshe Feinstein.
Today in History – 3 Av
· Anti-Jewish riots in Breslau resulted in many deaths and the expulsion of those that remained alive, 1360.
· 10,000 Jews of Polannoe perished in the Chmielnicki massacres, 1648.
· Rav Moshe Chaim Luzzatto (Mesilas Yesharim) was forced to swear that he would stop writing down his heavenly revelations by a heavenly Maggid. These writings were seen by Rav Y. Chagiz of Altona, a gadol of his era, and aroused suspicions that the Ramchal was a possible follower of Shabsi Tzvi.
· First shipload of Russian Jews arrived in New York on this date in 1881. This was the beginning of the mass immigration of Russian Jews to the United States after the 1881 pogroms all over Russia.