Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 30 Tishrei-1 Cheshvan


flicker_1003917Yahrtzeits – 30 Tishrei

Rav Tzvi Hirsh Chayos, the Maharatz Chayos (Chiyus), Rav of Zolkov (1805-1855). Born in Brody to Rav Meir Chiyus. He was a descendent of Rav Yitzchak Chiyus, the Zera Yitzchak. The family could trace their lineage back to Dovid Hamelech. He received smicha at the age of 21 from Rav Ephraim Zalman Margulies, Rav of Brody. Two years later, he was appointed Rav of ZolokovaIn 1854, he became Rav of Kalisch. His was the author of Sheilos U’teshuvos Maharatz, Atreres Tzvi, and Divrei Horaa. His thoughts on Shas are prinyted in the back of Geamaras used today. Rav Tzvi Hirsch’s son. Rav Yitzchak, was mechaber of the sefer Siach Yitzchak on maseches Makkos.

Rabbi Moshe from Shershov (1826)

Rav Avraham Dovid Wahrman of Butchatch (1771-1840). Born in Nadvorna, Galicia (today, in the Ukraine). In addition to his father, Avraham Dovid also studied under his uncle Rav Yehoshua Charif. At age ten, Avraham Dovid became engaged to the daughter of Rav Zvi Hirsch Kara of Butchatch, and he moved to that town to study under his future father-in-law. Beginning in 1791, Rav Avraham Dovid served as rabbi of Yazlowitz for 24 years. In 1814, Rav Zvi Hirsch Kara died, and Rav Avraham Dovid was offered the rabbinate of Butchatch in his place. It was there that he spent the remainder of his days. His best known works are Da’as Kedoshim on parts of Shulchan Aruch Yorah Deah, and Eishel Avraham on Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim. The latter work is printed in the back of standard editions of the Shulchan Aruch.

Rav Yitzchak Meir Hazenpertz (1916), author of Ohr Yakar, a commentary on the Ohr Hachaim al HaTorah.

Rav Chaim Hager of Kossov (1942)

Today in History – 30 Tishrei

· Israeli forces trap the Egyptian 3rd army on the eastern side of the Suez Canal during the Yom Kippur War, 1973

Yahrtzeits – 1 Cheshvan

Rav Yosef Engel, rav of Krakow and Vienna (1859-1919). Born in Austrian Poland, his rebbe refused to teach him any longer when he reached the age of 12, and between that age and his marriage at 19, he wrote eleven sefarim. Among his sefarim were Gilyonei Hashas, Shiv’im Panim LaTorah Lekach Tov, Esvan D’Oraysa, and Beis HaOtzar, a Talmudic encyclopedia. His only child, Miriam, married the heir to the leadership of the Kotzker chassidim, but he abdicated that position in order to remain near his father-in-law, Rav Yosef. At age 46, Rav Yosef left his wealthy father-in-law’s home and, for the first time, had to seek a living. He found a position as one of several rabbinical judges in Krakow. During World War I, Rav Yosef fled with hundreds of other Rabbis to Vienna, where he died.

Rav Yisrael Shapira (Spira), the Bluzhover Rebbe (1890-1989). A grandson of the Bnei Yissoschar, Rav Tzvi Elimelech of Dinov. His divrei torah on the parashios and Yomim Tovim were published by his talmidim in the sefer Shufra D’Yisrael in 2007.

Rav Yissachar Dov Ber, the Velbrozher Rebbe, author of Avodas Yissachar (1877)

Rav Akiva Meir, Velbrozher Rebbe, the Divrei Haam, son of the Avodas Yissachar (1918)

Rav Shmuel di Modena, the Maharashdam (1545).

Today in History – 1 Cheshvan

· Shlomo Hamelech finished building the Beis Hamikdosh but waited almost 12 months for the dedication ceremonies to begin on 8 Tishrei, 823 BCE (Yalkut Shimoni Melochim 184)
· The seventh (and last) of the Crusades ended, 1270.
· Kasimir III of Poland renews Jewish privileges, 1334.
· Birth of R’ Chaim Vital (1542)
· Rav Yehuda HaChossid arrived in Yerushalayim, 1700 and died 3 days later. A shul built on land he had purchased for that purpose was named for him, but was destroyed by Arabs in 1720. The Churva Shul, as it became known, was rebuilt in 1837 and destroyed by Arabs again in 1948. Today, the Churva Shul is being rebuilt for the third time.

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