Rav Moshe Mintz, author of Sha’alos U’teshuvos Maharam Mintz. His teacher was Rav Yaakov Weil, the Mahari Weil, Rav of Augsburg and Erfurt (d. mid-15th century Germany).
Rav Gershon Shaul Yom Tov Lipman Heller (1579-1654). Born several days after the death of his father, Nosson, he was raised by his grandfather, Moshe Wallerstein HaLevi Heller in Vienna. At the age of 13, he was sent to study in Prague with the MaHaRaL. At 18, he was appointed to the MaHaRaL’s judicial court in Prague, a position he held for 27 years. In 1622, he left Prague for Nicholsburg where he served as Rav and Av Beis Din. However, after 6 months he was called to serve in Vienna, as Av Beis Din. In 1627, he was chosen to head the Beis Din of Prague. However, after only 6 months, he was imprisoned for 40 days after which he was released penniless. He was forbidden to practice his profession as well. By 1630 the ban was lifted and in 1631, he was asked to take a position in Nimerov. In 1634 he was elected rabbi in Ludmir where he remained for a total of 7 years. In 1641 he became Av Beis Din and Rav of the Jewish community in Crakow where he died 13 years later. He is buried in the Crakow cemetery along the fence in the area devoted to the poor and the needy. In addition to his famous Tosefos Yom Tov, one of the most important commentaries on Misha, he authored the Sefer “Tzuras HaBayis,”a detailed explanation of Rashi’s view of the Third Temple as described by Ezekiel (chapters 40-43).
Rav Yekusiel Yehuda Teitelbaum, Av Beis Din of Sighet, Romania, the Yetev Lev (1808 [or 1818]-1883), son of Rav Eliezer (Nissan) Teitelbaum, Av Beis Din of Drahbitsch (Drogobytz), and grandson of Rav Moshe Teitelbaum, the Yismach Moshe. Shortly after his marriage, he was invited to become Av Beis Din of Stropkov in 1832, which led to similar positions in Ujhely (1841), Gorlitz, Drahbitsch (1857), and Sighet (1858). In addition to Yetev Lev, he authored Yitav Panim, and Avnei Tsedek.
Rav Yechezkel Sarna, born in Horodok, near Minsk (1891-1969). At the age of 11, he went to Slobodka, near Kovno. In 1903, he started learning at Yeshivas Knesses Yisrael, under the rosh yeshiva, Rav Chaim Rabinowitz. A year later, Rav Yechezkel went with Rav Rabinowitz to Telze, only to return in 1907, now under Rav Nosson Tzvi Finkel, the Alter of Slobodka. At that time, Slobodka’s beis midrash was filled with some of the great Torah scholars of Lithuania, including Rav Aharon Kotler, Rav Yaakov Kamenetsky, and Rav Eliezer Man Shach. In 1924, the Lithuanian government had decided to revoke the right of yeshiva students to an exemption from army service. After consulting with the Alter, it was decided that part of the yeshiva should be transferred to Eretz Yisrael. It was decided to transfer the yeshiva to Chevron. In 1926, a new mashpia ruchani was appointed: Rav Leib Chasman. After the petirah of the Alter in the winter of 1917, Rav Yechezkel gained recognition as the mussar leader in the citadel of the Alter, along with Rav Leib Chasman. In Av of 1929, blood baths inundated the country; one of the worst hit was the Jewish settlement in Hevron. During the infamous savage massacre by Hevron’s Arabs, twenty-four of the yeshiva’s students lost their lives. He himself had gone to Yerushalayim on the Thursday prior to the Shabbos of the massacre, but due to the tense situation he was unable to return to Hevron in time for Shabbos. Rebuilding slowly in Yerushalayim, by Rosh Hashanah the yeshiva had already assumed once more the form of a yeshiva in the full sense of that term.
Rav Meir Zvi Ehrentreu, Manchester Yeshiva Rosh Kollel and Rosh Yeshiva (2000). The son of HaRav Yisroel Ehrentreu principal of Prestwich Jewish Day School, was born in Frankfurt.. He married the daughter of Rav Yehuda Zeev Segal Among his descendents are four sons – his bechor and successor as Rosh Hakollel Rav Moshe Yitzchak, Rav Shloime Zalman, Rav Aharon, and Rav Avraham Ehrentreu of Antwerp. His brother is Rav Yonah Yosef Ehrentreu, the Rav of the Adas Yeshurun community of Bnei Brak.
Rav Avraham Dovid Horowitz, the Strasbourger Rav (1911-2004). Born to Rav Shlomo Yehuda Friedlander, the Av Beis Din of Bulechov, and Rebbetzin Resha. His mother was the daughter of Rav Pinchas HaLavi Horowitz, author of Beis Pinchas and Pischa Zuta. When he was 4 years old, his mother died; 5 years later, his father also died. He crossed the border from Galicia to Hungary to join his grandfather, who was then Rav of Grosvardein, and adopted his family name. In 1934, he married the daughter of the Ratzferter Rebbe, a descendent of the Divrei Chaim. He served as a dayan in Grosvardein, then as a Rosh Yeshiva of the Vizhnitzer Yeshiva there. His family was deported to Auschwitz and Birkenau. There he lost his wife and 5 daughters. After the War, he served as Rav of Landsberg and Augsberg and there opened the first post-war yeshiva, together with his uncle, the Klausenberger Rebbe. He remarried and became Av Beis Din and Rav of Strausburg, where he stayed for 30 years. In 1978, he moved to yerushalayim and took the position of chaver habadatz in the beis din of the Eida Chareidis. Many of his chidushim are recorded in Kinyon Torah.
Today in History – 6 Elul
· Italian planes bomb Tel Aviv, killing 117, 1940.