Yahrtzeits – 24 Av
Rav Aharon of Terbeli, author of Machneh Aharon (1741).
Rav Ephraim Zalman Margulies, Rav of Brod, author of Mateh Ephraim, Beis Ephraim, Olelos Ephraim, Shaarei Ephraim (1762-1828)
Rav Dovid Ortinberg of Berditchev, the Tehilla LeDovid (1910)
Rav Shalom Halperin, the Vasloier Rebbe (1857-1939). Born in Sadigua to Rav Dovid Halpern, who was a son-in-law of Rav Yisrael of Ruzhin. At the age of seventeen, he married his cousin Chana Sarah, the daughter of the first Bohusher Rebbe, Reb Yitzchak. When Rav Shalom was nearing forty years of age, the Bohusher Rebbe decided that it was time for his son-in-law to lead his own chassidim.
Yahrtzeits – 25 Av
Rav Moshe Hager of Antiniya (1994)
Rav Yeshayahu Menachem ben Yitzchak of Cracow, the originator of the Heter Iska (1599)
Today in History – 24 Av
· The Chashmonaim replaced the Hellenic legal code with a Jewish one. The day was celebrated as a holiday.
· Death of Chmielnicki in 1675, Cossack leader whose 1648-49 brutal attacks in Lithuania, Ukraine and Russia resulted in the deaths of 300,000 Jews.
Today in History – 25 Av
· The final in a series of Latin anti-Jewish Laws were passed, 531. The Law of Justinian Concerning Heretics and Manichaeans and Samaritans forbade a Jew to bear witness in court against an orthodox Christian.
· Jews who were previously expelled from France are invited back by King Louis IX, 1249..
· Peter Stuyvesant barred Jews from military service, 1655.
· Many Jews of Copenhagen were killed when the British bombed the city in 1807.
· Alexander II abolished the Cantonist Decree in his Manifesto, 1855. It forbade pressuring Cantonist soldiers to accept baptism and reduced the draft quotas for Jews to a proportion of the population equal to that required of non-Jews. A decree later that year reduced the term of army service for Cantonists to 15 years.
· A Jewish agricultural colony was established in New Jersey, 1891. This was one of several attempts at Jewish settlement in the Americas.
· The Nazis took 500 Jews from the Kovno Ghetto to be killed, 1941.
· The Amsterdam hideout of Anne Frank was discovered by the Nazis, 1944.