Today’s Yahrtzeits and History, 13 Tammuz

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yahrtzeit-candlesRav Moshe Rivkash (Rivka’s), author of Be’er Hagolah on Shulchan Aruch (1684). He was one of four great tzadikim of Vilna who lived at the tragic time of the massacres at the hands of the Cossacks in 1655,  along with Rav Ephraim (the Shaar Ephraim), Rav Shabbsai Cohen (the Shach), and Rav Shmuel Koidenaver. Approximately 25,000 Jews were killed in and around Vilna.

Rav Chaim Hakohen Rappaport (1771). The son of the Rav of Lublin following the Chacham Tzvi, Rav Chaim was appointed Rav first in Shlutsk then in Zhittel, where he authored Sheiols U’teshuvos Rabbeinu Chaim Kohen. A few years later, he was appointed Rav in Lutsk , then in 1741, in Lvov (Lemberg), where he remained for 30 years. He also authored Zecher Hachaim.

Rav Aryeh Leib (ben Mordechai HaLevi) Epstein, the author of HaPardes (1775)

Rav Mordechai (ben Yechiel Michel) of Kremnitz [Kremnica] (1820). One of the five sons of the Zlotschover Maggid, who were referred to as my “chamisha chumshai Torah.” One of Rav Mordechai’s brothers was Rav Moshe of Zvhil, the first Zvhiller Rebbe.

Rav Chanoch Henoch Dov (ben Elazer) Rubin (1920), Sassover Rebbe of London

Rav Yoel Planer, Rav of Uhel , Hungary (1925)

Rav Dovid of Rachmistrivka (1950)

Rav Yitzchak Eizik Rosenbaum of Zutchka (1906-2000). Born in Romania to Rav Isamar Rosenbaum of Nadvorna, he was named after his mother’s ancestor, Rav Yitzchak Eizik of Komarna. At an early age, his family moved to Chernovitz, whose 45,000 Jews constituted about 45% of the city’s population. The first maskilim settled in Chernovitz at the start of the 19th century, and their influence had grown so fast that, by 1849, they controlled the Board of the Jewish community. It was in Chernowitz that secular Yiddishism held a major convocation and proclaimed Yiddish as the Jewish national language in1908. After Rav Yitzchak Eizik married his wife, Chanah, his father asked him to preside as Rav and Admor in the town of Vashkowitz . Two years later, he moved to Zutchka where he remained until World War II. Soon after the war, Rav Yitzchak Eizik moved to Boro Park . After Rav Yitzchak Eizik’s father passed away, he settled in Tel Aviv to take over his father’sbeis medrash, in 1973. In 1981, he relocated to Bnei Brak. One of the Rebbe’s sons, Rav Nosson Dovid, took over the Zutchka beis medrash in Bnei Brak.

Today in History, 13 Tammuz

· Wearing of the yellow star was decreed mandatory for all Jews in the Baltic States , 1941
· Minsk( Russia ) was captured by the Germans, 1942 trapping about 40,000 Jews
· The Germany army command led by Erwin Rommel reached El Ala mein in Northern Egypt , 96km west of Alexandria . After Gedolim in Eretz Yisrael held massive tefillah rallies, the Germans retreated.

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}


  1. . “After Gedolim in Eretz Yisrael held massive tefillah rallies, the Germans retreated.”
    You mean, after Hashemi was mechazek the British forces, the Germans were defeated.

    • No, I don’t think that’s what he meant to say, nor is it accurate in the following context. For an understanding of the history of the world, go to the library. For an understanding of the Torah of the world go to CHaZa”L or, in this case, use the lenses of Torah and its chachomim of each generation. Put another way. It’s a matter of cause and effect. The cause was Klal Yisroel’s tefilos. The effect was Germany’s retreat. The Nefesh HaChaim explains from CHaZa”L that HaShem responds to our tefilos. They control, ka’vayachol, what the Ribono Shel Olam does.

      So while your statement is factually correct – HaShem WAS michazeik the British army causing the Germans to retreat. What brought THAT about was our tefilos.

  2. “Rav Moshe Rivkash (Rivka’s)…………………………”

    He was also an ancestor of the Vilna Gaon.

    He was buried at the old Vilna cemetery which is now threatened, as featured previously here (

    Please express your support for the effort to save the cemetery from desecration at

  3. 13 Tamuz the Lubavitcher Rebbe, the Rayatz was freed from Soviet prison, he stood up to the communists and their entire regime to save Torah and Yiddishkeit and was saved on this day, a real miracle.

  4. On the 13th of Tammuz of 1927, the sixth Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn, received the documents authorizing his release from a sentence of exile to Kastroma in the interior of Russia. The Rebbe was actually notified of his release on Tammuz 12, but since that day was a legal holiday, the Certificate of Release freeing him to travel home was issued only the next day. Thus both the 12th and 13th of Tammuz are celebrated as a “festival of liberation” by the Chabad-Lubavitch community

  5. Rabbi Aryeh Leib Halevi Epstein, the Baal Hapardes, was the rov of Koenigsberg.

    Two of his seforim received separate haskomos from the Gaon of Vilna, who wrote only three of them in his entire life
    In the second of these, the Gaon wrote regarding the Baal Hapardes
    המחבר דומה למלאך ה׳ צבאו-ת.
    He was one of the greatest talmidei chachomin and mekubalim of that דור דעה.

    • Ta”ch veTa”t were indeed 1648-49.
      However, the Cossacs, who by then have been absorbed by the Russian state, attacked the Lithuanian part of Poland in 1655, as the original post correctly stated. It was at that time that the four rabbonim of Vilna, including the Shach, escaped to different countries.


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