Today’s Yahrtzeits and History – 25-26 Sivan

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Rav Shimon ben Gamliel, Rav Yishmael ben Elisha Cohen Gadol, Rav Chanina S’gan Cohanim, of the Ten Martyrs killed by the Romans (115 CE), commemorated in the Kinah “Eileh Ezkera” we say on Yom Kippur, and “Arzei Halevanon” we say on Tisha B’Av (Megillas Taanis). Once a fast day, (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 580:2).

Rav Shmuel of Bros, son of the Pnei Yehushua (1821).

Rav Dov Berish Landau of Biala (1876), son of Rav Avraham Landau of Tchechinov  and father of Rav Elimelech Menachem Mendel Landau of Strikov.

Rav Chaim Zisman Sofer, author of Mechaneh Chaim and Kol Sofer (1886)

Rav Naftali Tzvi Shmerler, author of Imrei Naftali (1944)

Rav Moshe Tzvi Twersky, Tolna Rebbe of Philadelphia (1890-1972). Born to Rav Menachem Nachum (Rebbe of Tolna-Toltchin) and great-grandson of first Tolna Rebbe, Rav Dovid.. Rav Moshe Menachem succeeded his father in Toltchin un 1916, but left the Ukraine in 1921, crossing the southern border into Moldavia to escape persecutation. He emigrated to the United States the following year and settled in Philadelphia.

Rav Reuven Fein, Rosh yeshivas Torah Vodaas and author of Bein Hamispasayim (1993) (some say 25 Sivan). He studied in Yeshivas Mir in Lithuania

Rav Dovid Mireles, author of Korban Haeidah on Talmud Yerushalmi, 1762 (Some say 22 Sivan)

Rav Baruch Shimon Schneersohn, Rosh Yeshiva of Tchebin and author of Birchas Shimon (2001).

Today in History – 25 Sivan

· Geviha b. Pesisa, Jewish delegate, won the debate against the Samaritans in the presence of Alexander the Great (Megillas Taanis), 313 BCE
· Execution of Rav Shimon ben Gamliel, Rav Yishmael ben Elisha Kohen Gadol, and Raav Chanina Segan Hakohanim, three of the asara harugei malchus (Megillas Taanis and Shulchan Aruch O.Ch 580), 115 CE.
· Massacre of the Jews of Erfurt, Germany, 1221 which was observed as a fast day for many years.
· Jews were granted permission by Empress Catherine II to settle in Kiev, 1794.

Today’s Yahrtzeits – 26 Sivan

Rav Yonasan ben Uziel, student of Hillel.

Rav Yosi ben Kisma (quoted in Pirke Avos 6:9 and Sanhedrin 98a).

Rav Yehoshua (ben Yosef) Bucksbaum, the Galanta Rav (1944). Author of Ohr P’nei Yehoshua.

Today in History – 26 Sivan

· The Jewish community of Berne, Switzerland forfeited all financial claims against non-Jews, and then were expelled from the country, 1294.
· Second expulsion from France, 1332
· The Taz established this day as a minor Purim for the Jewish community of Alik who were saved in the Chmilnitzki Massacres of 1648-49.
· The Inquisitor of Ancona, Italy decreed that Jews may not live in any municipality where there was no ghetto, 1843.

{Yahrtzeits licensed to Matzav by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}


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