Today’s Yahrtzeits and History – 3 Tammuz

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yahrtzeit-candlesRav Yaakov Sapir, author of Even Sapir (A Journey to Yemen), a collection of stories of his travels through India, Australia, and Yemen, collecting  tzedaka, having departed Yerushalayim in 1859. An account of the life of Yemenite Jewish communities is written at length.

Rav Yosef Chaim Shneur Kotler, rosh yeshivas Lakewood (1982). Rav Schneur passed away on the nineteenth year, seventh month and second day after assuming his Rosh Yeshiva position; equal to the day to the tenure of his father as Rosh Yeshiva of Lakewood. This extraordinary phenomenon was spoken of throughout the Torah world as a sign that in shamayim he was considered a worthy son, disciple and successor who carried on his father’s mission to build Torah with total devotion.

Rav Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Lubavitcher Rebbe (1902-1994). Born in Nikolaev, Russia on 11 Nissan. He first met his predecessor, Rabbi Yosef Yitzchak Schneerson in 1923 and married his second daughter Chaia Moussia (1901-88) in 1928. He became the 7th Lubavitcher Rebbe in 1950. He is best remembered for his extraordinary love and concern for every Jew. His emissaries around the globe, dedicated to strengthening Judaism, number in the thousands.

Rav Shlomo Eiger of Lublin (1872-1940). His father, Rav Avraham of Lublin, the Shevet Yehuda, was the son of the first Lubliner Rebbe, Rav Yehuda Leib (Rav Leibele Rav Leibele) Eiger (1816-1884), Rav Akiva Eiger’s grandson and a close talmid of the Izhbitzer, Rav Mordechai Yosef Leiner. Rav Shlomo married the daughter of the gevir, Rav Alter Wallerstein of Krushnik (45 miles east of Lublin), in 1887. When his father was niftar in 1914, he became Rebbe. Lublin was the main city of Eastern Poland. Jews had lived there since the 15th century, and perhaps earlier. In 1921, Lublin had a population of 37,337 Jews, comprising over a third of its population. The Lubliner heritage was continued by Rav Shlomo’s cousin, Rav Avraham Eiger, who established his court in Bnei Brak and passed away in 2000.

Today in History – 3 Tammuz

· The Haidamak (the paramilitary bands) Massacres in the Ukraine, 1768. The peasant serfs and Cossacks rioted much in the same vein as Chmielnicki 120 years earlier. At Uman, the Poles and Jews defended the city together under the Polish commander, Ivan Gonta. The next day, convinced that only the Jews would be attacked, Gonta allowed the fortified city to be entered without a fight. Approximately 8,000 Jews were killed, many of them trying to defend themselves near the shul. As soon as the Jews were all massacred, the Haidamaks began to kill the Poles.
· Emperor Alexander II of Russia gave the Jews permission to print sefarim and Jewish books, 1871.
· 1500 Jews of Kovno and 11,000 Jews in Kishinev were killed, 1941.

{Yahrtzeits licensed to by Manny Saltiel and Newscenter}



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