Yahrtzeits – 28 Iyar
-Shmuel Hanavi (930-878 BCE)
-Rav Yosef Yehuda Reiner, rosh yeshiva in Yeshiva Kol Torah. The yeshiva, located in Bayit Vegan, was founded in 1939 by Rav Yechiel Michel Schlesinger. After his petira, the yeshiva was run by Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach until his petira in 1995.
-Rav Yitzchak of Corbeil, the Baal HaChotem (1280). A student and son-in-law of Rav Yechiel of Paris, he authored a halachic compendium called Amudei HaGolah. Because it briefer than the Semag of Rav Moshe of Coucy, his work is referred to as the Sefer Mitzvos Kattan, or Semak. It lists all post-Temple mitzvos with pertinent halachic details. He also authored some of the writings of the Tosefos.
-Rav Yerachmiel Yehuda Meir Kalish, the Amshinover Rebbe (1901-1976). Born in Peshischa, he learned with his grandfather, Rav Menachem, who was the grandson of the first Amshinover Rebbe, Rav Yaakov Dovid. When Rav Mencahem passed away in 1918, one of his sons, Rav Yosef, became the Rebbe of Amshinov, and the other son, Rav Shimon Shalom – Rav Meir’s father – became Rebbe in Otvotzk. Rav Shimon was a major driving force behind the exodus of thousands of bachurim in Mir, Kletzk, Radin, Novardak, and other yeshivos to Japan and Shanghai at the outbreak of World War II. By the time Shanghai came under Japanese control, it held 26,000 Jews. After the war, Rav Shimon immigrated to America. Upon his petira in 1954, Rav Meir accompanied the aron to Teveria in Eretz Yisrael. He later moved to Tel Aviv, and then to the Bayit Vegan section of Yerushalayim. Rav Meir was noted for his genius in Torah, as well as his warmth and sensitivity to all Jews. His grandson, Rav Yaakov Aryeh Milikowski, succeeded him as the Amshinover Rebbe.
-Rav Shlomo Avraham Eliyahu Green of Bnei Brak, the tailor mekubal
Yahrtzeits – 29 Iyar
-Rav Meir of Premishlan (1773), a talmid of the Baal Shem Tov.Today in History – 28 Iyar
· Jews of Bacharach, Germany, were massacred by the Crusaders, 1096.
· The Rambam finds the Sefer Torah of Ezra Hasofer and ordains this day as a day of rejoicing and feasting (mentioned in Shem Hagedolim of the Chida)
· The Turkish government authorized the return of the Jews who had been expelled from Jaffa and Tel Aviv, 1917.
· The White Paper of the McDonald government of Britain, which reversed the policy of the Balfour Declaration, was published, 1939. It nullified, in effect, the aims and legal commitment of the Balfour Declaration.
· Israelcaptured the Old City of Yerushalayim in, 1967, after it was separated from west Yerushalayim in 1948.
· Dulles, the anti-Semitic head of the State Department who imported large numbers of Nazis to work in the intelligence ranks in the U.S., tells NATO in Paris that the U.S. would not sell arms to Israel directly in order to avoid U.S.-USSR confrontation in the Middle East, 1956.
· Francedelivers arms to Israel under secret agreement with tacit U.S. approval, 1956.
· Bombing of the Iraqi nuclear reactor by the Israeli Air Force, 1981.
Today in History – 29 Iyar
· Napolean defeated at Waterloo, 1815.
· A delegation of the National Convention of the World Agudah, headed by Rav Meir Don Plotzky, landed in New York to help establish a strong Agudah branch there and to raise money to strengthen Agudas Yisroel. The delegation included Rav Asher Lemel Spitzer, Rav of Kirchdorf, Rav Dr. Meir Hildesheimer, Rosh Bais Hamedrash LeRabbanim in Berlin, Dr. Nosson Birnbaum, Rav Yosef Lev and the Ozerover Rebbe, Rav Moshe Yechiel Epstein, as well as Rav Yitzchak Meir Levin, son-in-law of the Imrei Emes.
· The Communists complete their takeover of Czechoslovakia with the resignation of President Eduard Benes, 1948.