The International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium published the complete sequence of the bread wheat genome, a feat scientists long regarded impossible due to its complexity.
Israeli researchers from the universities of Haifa and Tel Aviv and Israel’s high-tech NRGene Company participated in the 13-year project which involved researchers from 20 countries.
The wheat genome has five times more DNA than humans in 21 chromosomes that include over 107,891 genes and more than 4.7 million genetic markers. Understanding it will hopefully help scientists produce grain with better yield, quality and disease resistance. Scientists may also be able to treat wheat-related allergies and diseases and produce wheat without the agents that cause them.