Today’s Yahrtzeits and History – 26-27 Tishrei

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Rav Aharon of Zhitomer, author of Toldos Aharon (1816). A talmid muvhak of Rav Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev, he succeeded Rav Zev Wolf of Zhitomir (the Ohr Hemeir) upon the appointment of the Kedushas Levi. His divrei Torah were written down by one of his closest talmidim, Rav Levi of Zhitomir,after he heard them, at the end of every Shabbos and Yom Tov.

Rav Asher (I) of Karlin, the Stoliner Rebbe (1760-1828), son of the Rebbe, Rav Aharon HaGadol of Karlin. When his father passed away, he was raised by his successor Rebbe Shlomo Karliner who became one of his main influences. Rebbe Asher later settled in Stolin. [1826 per Hamodia 2006]

Rav Yehuda Yudel Rosenberg (1859-1935). Born in Skaraschev, a small town near Radomsko, Poland. He served as Rav in Tarlow, and age 25, he was appointed Av Beis Din. In 1903, he published Yados Nedarim, a commentary on Rashi and Ran to meseches Nedarim. In 1905, he published Shaarei Zohar Torah, an attempt to organize for the verses of the Torah what the Zohar said on that verse.

Today in History – 26 Tishrei

· Political rights of Warsaw’s Jews suspended, 1808.
· In Deckendorf, Bavaria, desecration of the wafers used in churches was alleged and violence spread to 51 communities, including Bohemia and Austria, 1337. To this day people come on pilgrimages to the church where paintings show Jews in medieval dress desecrating the “wafers”.
· With Napoleon’s arrival at the Duchy of Warsaw, the new state parliament calls for equal rights for non-Jews, 1808. The parliament states that emancipation for the Jews “would be postponed for 10 years in the hope of eradicating all their distinctions which set them apart.”
· Mount Hermonis recaptured by the parachute and Golani brigades during the Yom Kippur War, 1973. Fearing an Israeli advance, the Syrians immediately agree to a UN-sponsored cease-fire.

Yahrtzeits – 27 Tishrei

Rabbeinu Yitzchak Hazaken bar Shmuel (the Ri Hazaken), of the Baalei Tosfos (1120-1200). The Ri’s maternal grandfather was Rashi’s son-in-law, Rav Meir ben Shmuel. He was thus a nephew and a disciple of Rabbeinu Tam and the Rashbam (both sons of Rav Meir ben Shmuel). He was also a grandson of one of Rashi’s leading students, Rav Simcha of Vitry (author of Machzor Vitry). The Ri directed the yeshiva at Ramerupt after Rabbeinu Tam moved to Troyes. Thereafter, he founded the yeshiva at Dampierre. The Ri Hazaken succeeded Rabbenu Tam as head of the academy in Ramerupt, France. Among Rav Yitzchak’s students were Rav Shimshon of Sens (who edited many of our Tosefos, wrote important works in his own right, and led 300 families to settle in Eretz Yisrael in 1211), Rav Yitzchak ben Avraham (“Ritzba”), and Rav Baruch, author of Sefer Haterumos. The Ri also was a kabbalist who lived an ascetic life and observed two days of Yom Kippur (presumably for the same reason that Jews in the diaspora observe two days of other holidays). Ri had at least two sons, both of whom died in his lifetime: Rabbenu Elchanan and Rabbenu Shlomo.

Rav Ephraim Zalman Shor, author of Tevuos Shor (1633)

Rav Elazar Rokeach of Amsterdam, the Maaseh Rokeah (1741)

Rav Nosson Tzvi Kenig, rosh kolel Breslav in Bnei Brak

Today in History – 27 Tishrei

· The wealthy Jewish community of Venice was sacked and impoverished, 1570.
· The town of Netanya was founded, named after Jewish American philanthropist Nathan Strauss, 1927.
· Operation Chiram was successfully completed, giving Israel effective control of the Galil, 1948.

{Yahrtzeits licensed to Matzav.com by Manny Saltiel and Anshe.org/Matzav.com Newscenter}

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