Rav Yaakov of Lublin (1644), father of Rav Herschel of Cracow
Rav Shaul Yedidya Elazar Taub (the Imrei Shaul), the second Modzitzer Rebbe. Born in Osherov. (1886-1947). He assumed the leadership of Modzitz upon the passing of his father Rav Yisrael, the Divrei Yisrael, in 1920. From 1940 until 1947 the Rebbe resided in Brooklyn New York. Reb Shaul was probably the most prolific chassidic composer of all time with the total output numbering close to 1000 compositions.
Rav Dovid Leib Schwartz of Bnei Brak, “Der Heiliger Tzadik” (1999)
Rav Menachem Kalish of Amshinov (1860-1917). Succeeded his father, Rav Yaakov Dovid Kalish in 1878, at the young age of 18. One of Rav Menachem’s sons, Rav Yosef, became Rebbe in Amshinov, while his second son, Rav Shimon Shalom, became a Rebbe in Otvotsk. When Rav Yosef passed away, in 1935, his son, Rabbi Yaakov Dovid (1906-1942), was immediately appointed as his successor. His uncle, Rav Shimon Shalom, had fled to Shanghai where he helped the Mir yeshivah escape and, after the war, he went to America. Upon his passing in 1954, he was succeeded by his son, Rav Yerachmiel Yehuda Meir, who set up court in the Yerushalayim neighborhood of Bayit Vegan. Rav Yerachmiel Yehuda Meir’s grandson, Rabbi Yaakov Aryeh Milikowski, succeeded him in 1976. Rav Yitzchak Kalish, the son of Rav Yosef, became the Rebbe of Amshinover chassidim in America. Of Amshinov itself, nothing remained.
Today in History – 16 Kislev
· The author of the Chayei Odom was saved from an explosion, and he fixed the day as a Yom Tov for himself and his descendants, 1803.
· Hermann Ahlwardt elected to the German Reichstag, 1892, marking the beginning of political anti-Semitism in Germany.
· The Judenrat was established by the Nazi governor-general of Poland, 1939.
· The SS began its extermination of the local population of Vladimir-Volynski, Poland, 1943. They were attacked by 30 armed Jews. A number of the SS officers were killed as well as half of the attacking force.
· UN approves partition plan by a vote of 33-13 with 10 abstentions to create a Jewish and Arab state, 1947. This vote enabled the establishment of the State of Israel as a national homeland for the Jewish People.