Today’s Yahrtzeits & History – 3 Adar


flicker_100391Rav Mordechai Yaffe, author of Levush Mordechai, and known as the Baal HaLevushim (1530-1612). Born to the Rav of Prague, he was sent to Poland to study under the Maharshal and Rama in his youth. Married in 1553, he founded a yeshiva in Prague. However, in 1559, King Ferdinand decreed that the Jews of Prague be evicted. Despite the successful efforts of Pope Pius IV on behalf of the Jews (which resulted in a 2-year delay), the Jews of Prague left the city in 1561. Rav Mordechai settled in Venice, where he learned with Rav Avraham Abuhav and Rav Mittsyahu Delcorte. He became Rav of Horodna (Grodno) in 1572, then Lublin in 1588. In 1598, when the Maharal left Posen for Prague, Rav Mordechai became rabbi of Posen until his death. Two important peirushim on the Levush were written many years later: In Elya Rabba, Rav Eliyahu Shapiro answers many refutation of the Levush brought in the Malbishei Yom Tov, (written by the author of Tosefos Yom Tov), and in
Levushei Tzedakah, Rav Tzadok Hakohen answers difficulties raised by the Smah in Levush Choshen Mishpat.
-Rav Noach of Krakow, author of Toldos Noach on Midrash (1638)
-Rav Noach Chaim Berlin of Altuna, author of Atzei Almogim and Atzei Arazim and Av Beis Din of AH”U (1802).
-Rav Binyamin Zev Lev, Rav of Verboi and author of Shaarei Tefilah (1851)
-Rav Dovid Morgenstern of Kotzk (1866), the eldest son of Reb Mendel of Kotzk
-Rav Eliyahu Mezhritch, author of Midreishei Eliyahu (1868)
-Rav Eliyahu Dovid Rabinowitz-Teumim, the Aderes (1843-1905). The last part of his name, Te’omim denotes the fact that he was a “te’om,” or twin. His mother, Chana, was a descendant of the Baal Halevushim and the Chacham Tzvi. After his marriage, Rav Eliyahu Dovid moved to his wife’s birthplace, Ponovezh. He served as Rav of Ponovezh from 1872 to 1890 and of Mir from 1890 to 1898. He was then asked to assume the position of chief rabbi of Yerushalayim, at the recommendation of Rav Chaim Ozer Grodzinsky. There, he assisted the 80 year old Rav Shmuel Salant. Rav Eliyahu Dovid served as the rav of Yerushalayim for four years.
-Rav Chaim Yaakov Goldvicht, founder (1952) and rosh yeshiva, Kerem B’Yavne (1994). Born in Yerushalayim, he attended Yeshiva Etz Chaim under Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer. Thereafter, he learned under the guidance of Rav Zev Soloveitchik, the Brisker Rav. After marrying his wife, Miriam, he moved to Bnei Brak where he studied under the Chazon Ish and was also close to Rav Isaac Sher.
-Rav Yechiel Malach (1922-2006). Born in Ostrolenka, Poland, he was a talmid muvhak or Rav Avraham Yoffen, he went on to learn in Slobodka, then settled in Brooklyn after the War. He became ninth grade rebbi and manhig ruchani at Yeshivas Be’er Shmuel. At about 1986, he moved to Yerushalayim, where he was marbitz Torah in the Gerrer Yeshiva Ner Yisrael.

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  1. Worthwhile to note that today, 4 Adar, is the 100th yahrtzeit of Rav Eliezer Gordon, (R’ Leizer Telzer) founder of the Telshe Derech (He didn’t actually found the yeshiva, that was in 1875 by R’ Meir Atlas, father in law of R’ Chaim Ozer and R’ Elchonon, R’ Leizer came in 1881) and Rav and Rosh Yeshiva of Telshe for close to 30 years until his passing in 1910. He was nifter in London on a fundraising trip, and was buried there.
    As the father in law of R’ Yosef Leib Bloch and Rav Zalman Sorotzkin, he is the zaida of the dynasty of Telshe Roshei Yeshiva until this day.